Alterslash

the unofficial Slashdot digest for 2017-Mar-18 today archive

Google Glass Enters The Manufacturing Sector

Posted by EditorDavidView on SlashDotShareable Link
NPR recently profiled one of the 100 factory workers now using Google Glass at the agricultural equipment manufacturer AGCO. An anonymous reader quotes their report: Google Glass tells her what to do should she forget, for example, which part goes where. "I don't have to leave my area to go look at the computer every time I need to look up something," she says. With Google Glass, she scans the serial number on the part she's working on. This brings up manuals, photos or videos she may need. She can tap the side of headset or say "OK Glass" and use voice commands to leave notes for the next shift worker...

Peggy Gullick, business process improvement director with AGCO, says the addition of Google Glass has been "a total game changer." Quality checks are now 20 percent faster, she says, and it's also helpful for on-the-job training of new employees... Tiffany Tsai, who writes about technology, says it's one of a growing number of companies -- including General Electric and Boeing -- testing it out... Companies working in the health care, entertainment and energy industries are listed as some of the Google Glass certified partners.

AGCO plans to have 200 workers using Google Glass by the end of this year.

Re: They've must have been working on this for a w

By PoopJuggler • Score: 4 • Thread
Pretty common for technology that doesn't catch on in the consumer market to get used elsewhere. Google's not just going to throw away their asset.

just an AR headset

By ooloorie • Score: 4, Interesting • Thread

Google Glass is just an AR headset, one among many, and one with a fairly limited feature set. These kinds of simple, monocular AR headsets have been around for a while commercially, for example the Epson Moverio and the Vusix. For higher quality AR, the Microsoft Hololens and the Meta are probably better choices.

There are all kinds of business uses for Glass

By Applehu Akbar • Score: 4, Interesting • Thread

And this is where it should have been rolled out first, not as a toy for dudebros to wear in clubs.

Think of surgeons and pilots who need HUD data while at work, repair personnel who can have manual pages open while they fix your product, lawyers being able to search Lexis in the courtroom, and wilderness guides able to have the 'map in front of them' at all times as a link to their GPS.

For me as a service tech, this would be brilliant

By MindPrison • Score: 3 • Thread

So many times I have to "google" a part number to find out what it does, oh...it's an 24 Bit AD converter, now let me find the datasheet.

Imagine if I could just look at the PCB as I do normally when searching and fault-finding, and have a Video-overlay with simple specs on each chip and device I am looking at, and perhaps with a few blinks just bring up the datasheets and quickly close them again.

Are you kidding me? This is SUPER useful!

Re:Discountined?

By paiute • Score: 5, Funny • Thread

So I'm just going to start hitting that random dude that plops himself next to me at the urinal

I went to play golf one morning by myself and on the first tee I saw another single golfer who came up and asked if I wanted to play a round with him. It was fucking Jack Nicklaus! So I said yes, thank you, and we proceeded to play. He had a cooler full of beer, so I gradually relaxed and we were having a fine afternoon. We get to the 3rd tee and he excuses himself to go pee. He comes back and there is a yellow stripe right across the knees of his white pants. I say nothing, because it's fucking Jack Nicklaus. We play a couple more holes, he goes off to relieve himself again. Again he comes back, this time with another yellow stripe across his pant leg. I think this is odd, but it's Jack Nicklaus. I say nothing. This happens a third time, at the 10th hole. This time I can't contain myself. I say casually, "Hey Jack, how come every time you go to the men's room you come back with a yellow stripe across your pants?" He looks resigned and annoyed and says, "Because every time there is a guy using the urinal next to me who eventually looks up surprised and turns to me and says 'Hey, you're Jack Nicklaus!"

CBS Reports 'Suspicious' Cell Phone Tower Activity In Washington DC

Posted by EditorDavidView on SlashDotShareable Link
"An unusually high amount of suspicious cell phone activity in the nation's capital has caught the attention of the Department of Homeland Security, raising concerns that U.S. officials are being monitored by a foreign entity," reports CBS News: The issue was first reported in the Washington Free Beacon, but a source at telecom security firm ESD America confirmed the spike in suspicious activity to CBS News. ESD America, hired preemptively for a DHS pilot program this January called ESD Overwatch, first noticed suspicious activity around cell phone towers in certain parts of the capital, including near the White House. This kind of activity can indicate that someone is monitoring specific individuals or their devices... According to the ESD America source, the first such spike of activity was in D.C. but there have been others in other parts of the country. Based on the type of technology used, the source continued, it is likely that the suspicious activity was being conducted by a foreign nation.
The news coincides with a letter sent to the DHS by two congressmen "deeply concerned" about vulnerabilities in the SS7 protocol underlying U.S. cellular networks, according to an article shared by Slashdot reader Trailrunner7. Senator Ron Wyden and Representative Ted Lieu are asking if the agency has enough resources to address the threat. "Although there have been a few news stories about this topic, we suspect that most Americans simply have no idea how easy it is for a relatively sophisticated adversary to track their movements, tap their calls, and hack their smartphones."

Re:You are assuming

By Woldscum • Score: 5, Informative • Thread

Communications Assistance for Law Enforcement Act (CALEA)

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/...

FBI through an office in Quantico can directly tap ALL network main switches. The government PAID AT&T and Verizon to upgrade the switches to IP. The FBI added Colo cabinets at the main switch sites. The FBI can wiretap directly WITHOUT interacting with Verizon or AT&T.

Re:Relax...

By fermion • Score: 5, Insightful • Thread
It is much simpler. Trump uses an unsecured easily hacked phone, so every spy agency on the planet is monitoring it. Which is a stupid waste of money as all they need is a twitter feed, a tv, and a membership at his golf course because he tweet everything he thinks, he releases classified information on tv, and public ally classified information during dinner on his every weekend vacation.

Nothing To Worry About

By nick_davison • Score: 3, Funny • Thread

It's not like America's Commander In Chief would be stupid enough to refuse a secure cell phone just so he can continue his 3am Twitter on the shitter regimen.

Oh god. We're all doomed.

Suspicious activity found in Washington DC

By PopeRatzo • Score: 3, Insightful • Thread

File this under, "no shit, Sherlock". I mean, has anyone gotten a load of the White House staff lately? We had a registered agent of a foreign government receiving national security briefings and holding the post of National Security Advisor before he was thrown to the wolves for being too obvious.

The president just signed a license deal to use his name on a string of Chinese brothels. I mean, what the fuck? I miss the days when the worst thing a president did was get a blowjob from a 20 year old and lie about it.

http://www.cnbc.com/2017/01/07...

https://www.nytimes.com/2017/0...

Re:Holy shit Trump was right!

By arglebargle_xiv • Score: 5, Insightful • Thread
Suspicious activity involving cellphone monitoring? Tell you what, start with the FBI, NSA, CIA, DHS, and local cops. On the remote chance that it isn't one of them, get back to me.

Court Fines Canadian $26,500 For 'Unconscionably Stupid' Balloon-Chair Flight

Posted by EditorDavidView on SlashDotShareable Link
In 2015, 27-year-old Daniel Boria tied over 100 helium balloons to a lawn chair and floated 2.5 miles above Calgary, "getting in the way of commercial aircraft and putting hundreds of lives at risk," reports the CBC. An anonymous reader quotes their report: Boria was ordered to pay $26,500 [USD $18,822] in fines when he was sentenced Friday, after pleading guilty in December to dangerous operation of an aircraft for the 2015 stunt... In handing down the sentence provincial court Judge Bruce Fraser called Boria's stunt "dumb and dangerous" and "unconscionably stupid. There was nothing fantastic, fun or exhilarating about it... There is no precedent for so foolish an escapade"...

On July 5, 2015, Boria tied $13,000 worth of industrial-sized balloons to a Canadian Tire lawn chair and took to the skies to promote his cleaning company, with the plan to parachute into the Calgary Stampede chuckwagon races. Uncooperative weather forced him to bail early, and winds pushed his landing to Ogden Road, where he was arrested by police who had been monitoring Boria since he was spotted above the Stampede grounds... During the time he was in the air, 24 airplanes took off and landed in Calgary.

The judge agreed that $20,000 of the fine should be donated to a charity of Boria's choice, and later Boria "said the stunt was worthwhile and he has no regrets."

Plenty of precedent!

By chrylis • Score: 5, Informative • Thread

Odd that the judge calls this "unprecedented", when there have been multiple similar instances, and Lawn Chair Larry was internationally infamous.

5000$ fine and 20000$ donation

By 50000BTU_barbecue • Score: 4, Interesting • Thread

I wonder if a forced donation such as this one is still tax-deductible? Seems to me he'll get some tax break from this?

Re:5000$ fine and 20000$ donation

By beckett • Score: 4, Informative • Thread
if he gets a donation receipt from the charities, he will be able to claim a tax credit. He chose to split his donation to the veteran's food bank, and the Canadian Legion Poppy fund, also a veteran's organisation.

Re:I see what's coming.

By vtcodger • Score: 5, Informative • Thread

Apparently neither the judge nor the CBC has ever heard of Larry Walters balloon assisted lawnchair flight in 1982. Nor of his several imitators. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/.... Walters was fined $4000(US) -- reduced to $1500 on appeal -- for operating an aircraft within an airport traffic area "without establishing and maintaining two-way communications with the control tower." According to Wikipedia "A charge of operating a "civil aircraft for which there is not currently in effect an airworthiness certificate" was dropped, as it was not applicable to his class of aircraft."

China's Police Will Shoot Illegal Drones With Radio-Jamming Rifles

Posted by EditorDavidView on SlashDotShareable Link
"Police in China are being equipped with new high-tech weaponry to help them fight back against illegal drone use," writes new submitter drunkdrone. Mashable reports: A Chinese city's police department is arming itself with more than 20 drone-jamming rifles...which work by emitting radio signals that force the drones to land, purportedly without damaging them. The drone-killing rifles will be used during the upcoming 2017 Wuhan Marathon, to raise security. Wuhan police demonstrated the drone-killing rifles last week, where they shot down six drones, according to the Chutian Metropolitan Daily.
Each rifle costs $36,265, and has a range of 0.6 miles.

Sounds expensive.

By fahrbot-bot • Score: 3 • Thread

China's Police Will Shoot Illegal Drones With Radio-Jamming Rifles

Wouldn't it be cheaper to shoot the drones using radio-jamming rifles?

Useful.

By SuricouRaven • Score: 5, Insightful • Thread

You can use them to jam radios and cameras in protester crowds too, to make sure those embarrassing videos don't reach the internet.

Good news everyone!

By fuzzyfuzzyfungus • Score: 3 • Thread
This should improve the odds that cheapo Chinese drones start to feature more robust IMU/gyro/etc. based fallbacks for dealing with excessive RF noise!

In all seriousness, jamming a drone obviously makes life harder, since it excludes all 'basically just an RC airplane' hardware; prevents the operator from getting footage or issuing new commands, and so on; but it's hardly some rule of the universe that 'just make a docile attempt at landing' is the inevitable response to hitting a nasty RF spike. A variety of options, from heuristics of various sophistication for backing out and trying to escape the jamming; to attempts to fly straight toward where the emissions are most intense and ruin the jammer's day; to just dead-reckoning via onboard sensors and a backup flight path, all exist.

And that doesn't include the drones that actually have some nontrivial machine vision capabilities, or sensors other than cameras that can be used for navigation, though such tend to be rather more expensive.

Noise

By markdavis • Score: 3 • Thread

But can the jamming rifles be used on boom-box cars? THAT would be nice...

Tech Billionaires Invest In Linking Brains To Computers

Posted by EditorDavidView on SlashDotShareable Link
"To many in Silicon Valley, the brain looks like an unconquered frontier whose importance dwarfs any achievement made in computing or the Web," including Bryan Johnson, the founder of Braintree online payments, and Elon Musk. An anonymous reader quotes MIT Technology Review: Johnson is effectively jumping on an opportunity created by the Brain Initiative, an Obama-era project which plowed money into new schemes for recording neurons. That influx of cash has spurred the formation of several other startups, including Paradromics and Cortera, also developing novel hardware for collecting brain signals. As part of the government brain project, the defense R&D agency DARPA says it is close to announcing $60 million in contracts under a program to create a "high-fidelity" brain interface able to simultaneously record from one million neurons (the current record is about 200) and stimulate 100,000 at a time...

According to neuroscientists, several figures from the tech sector are currently scouring labs across the U.S. for technology that might fuse human and artificial intelligence. In addition to Johnson, Elon Musk has been teasing a project called "neural lace," which he said at a 2016 conference will lead to "symbiosis with machines." And Mark Zuckerberg declared in a 2015 Q&A that people will one day be able to share "full sensory and emotional experiences," not just photos. Facebook has been hiring neuroscientists for an undisclosed project at Building 8, its secretive hardware division.

Elon Musk complains that the current speeds for transferring signals from brains are "ridiculously slow".

Re:Is the tech bubble official yet?

By Anonymous Coward • Score: 5, Insightful • Thread

Yes, and for that investment to pay off. I could invest in unlocking human's ability to shoot laser beams from their eyes, and it would be a poor investment, even though we'd probably learn more about the human eye works.

This is a poor investment. The only reason tech billionaires are doing is because, like the rest of us, they must face their inevitable demise, and no amount of money will prevent it (unless they can upload their minds somewhere; this is their fantasy pipe dream, to be rich and powerful forever).

Aces

By ThatsNotPudding • Score: 3 • Thread
Just like Dick Cheney, we'll never be free from assholes like Peter Thiel.

Re:Is the tech bubble official yet?

By mean pun • Score: 5, Interesting • Thread
Why does everything have to be an efficient investment? US society decided to give them all that money to use at their discretion, and they decided to spend it on this. That's their right. Perhaps they're just curious about this?

I wonder ...

By PPH • Score: 3 • Thread

... if that guy is in a coma or just having a Windows update.

Re:Is the tech bubble official yet?

By drinkypoo • Score: 5, Insightful • Thread

The only reason tech billionaires are doing is because, like the rest of us, they must face their inevitable demise, and no amount of money will prevent it (unless they can upload their minds somewhere; this is their fantasy pipe dream, to be rich and powerful forever).

No amount of uploading your mind will produce an immortal "you". It will only produce a copy of you. This is irrespective of whether there is such thing as a soul. You can destroy the copy, but that's not literally "moving" your consciousness any more than copying the contents of a file and then unlinking it is literally "moving" the data. Maybe it's possible to do it by replacing your neurons "one at a time" (more or less) with nanites which have learned to behave like neurons. That would depend on whether there is or is not a soul. As far as I know, nobody has yet devised an experiment capable of determining whether consciousness actually lives in the brain, or whether the brain is a receiver for a consciousness which exists independently of the body. For what it's worth, I'd bet on it just being good old observable physics, but I'm also betting on the eventual answer being irrelevant to my existence in that it's not coming during my lifetime and "I'll find out" first.

Bruce Schneier Calls for IoT Legislation, Argues The Internet Is Becoming One Giant Robot

Posted by EditorDavidView on SlashDotShareable Link
"We're building a world-size robot, and we don't even realize it," security expert Bruce Schneier warned the Open Source Leadership Summit. As mobile computing and always-on devices combine with the various network-connected sensors, actuators, and cloud-based AI processing, "We are building an internet that senses, thinks, and acts." An anonymous reader quotes Linux.com: You can think of it, he says, as an Internet that affects the world in a direct physical manner. This means Internet security becomes everything security. And, as the Internet physically affects our world, the threats become greater. "It's the same computers, it could be the same operating systems, the same apps, the same vulnerability, but there's a fundamental difference between when your spreadsheet crashes, and you lose your data, and when your car crashes and you lose your life," Schneier said...

"I have 20 IoT-security best-practices documents from various organizations. But the primary barriers here are economic; these low-cost devices just don't have the dedicated security teams and patching/upgrade paths that our phones and computers do. This is why we also need regulation to force IoT companies to take security seriously from the beginning. I know regulation is a dirty word in our industry, but when people start dying, governments will take action. I see it as a choice not between government regulation and no government regulation, but between smart government regulation and stupid government regulation."

Re:Professionalize computer science

By fisted • Score: 5, Funny • Thread

No, but maybe John von Neumann.

Re: Easy fix

By Rosco P. Coltrane • Score: 5, Informative • Thread

The thing is, as long as people pay for their own internet themselves, they're in complete control of what gets to connect to their wifi. So, even if all the water heaters on the market had IoT features, it's trivial to keep them offline and harmless. And should they ever come with their own connectivity solution that bypasses the users' router completely, well... it's always possible to encase it in a Faraday cage of some sort.

As for trusting manufacturer with IT security, that's not the only problem: even if they're serious about it and actually qualified to secure your device properly, personally I'm more concerned about what they do with my data - how they snoop on my habits, how they intend to misuse that data, or whom they intend to sell it to.

If there's a buck to be made, company won't even consider moral or ethical use of the data they collect. That's the only thing you can bet on with big data.

Re:Bruce Schneier ...

By CyclistOne • Score: 4, Informative • Thread
I don't think Bruce Schneier is an idiot, but otherwise, I tend to agree with this. Read Jacques Ellul ("The Technological Society", "The Technological System") to better understand this.

It is not one giant robot!

By Entrope • Score: 5, Insightful • Thread

Schneier gives kind of a "shouting at clouds" vibe. The Internet is not like a truck you load things into or off of, it's not a series of tubes, it's not one giant robot that will turn into Skynet once it achieves sentience.

Internet Green is people! Wait, still the wrong movie, but closer.

The Internet is made up of billions of devices, each with different capabilities, each with their own purpose and "goals", influenced by others in its social network. Some of these influencers are nearby, some are far away; some are humans, some are machines. Some of these machines are robust against malicious interference, but most have weak points.

The Internet does not look or act like a single robot. It looks and acts like a network or society, not a monolithic entity, and talking about it as a monolithic thing encourages unwise reactions.

IOT's Creators Are Clueless - Totally Clueless

By dryriver • Score: 5, Insightful • Thread
I had a 2 hour conversation last year with an IOT devices engineer who works for a multi-billion dollar Japanese Corporation. They guy didn't think Privacy was important or at risk at all through IOT devices. "Every home will have many of them soon" he said. He thought that realtime 3D face recognition - CCTV networks being able to identify you ANYWHERE IN PUBLIC with great accuracy even if you are not facing the camera, have grown a beard or are wearing a baseball cap - was a great step forward in human technological development. They guy kept talking about "new markets, new profits, a great future for our company". He literally DID NOT CARE what these technologies mean for people's Privacy. Every time I voiced even mild concerns about what these surveillance capable technologies might do to people's privacy, he acted terribly *shocked*. Apparently the corporation he works sees great profits in building IOT, face recog tech & other surveillance capable tech, and my bringing up concerns about them was something he was - wait for it - "uncomfortable with". =) This is what IOT is - faceless, nameless engineers crapping all over other people's lives because the companies that employ them expect a new XX Billion Dollar a year market from them.

Google's New Campus Will Open Its Restaurants To The Public

Posted by EditorDavidView on SlashDotShareable Link
Google's new 18-acre campus will feature a 595,000-square foot building for 2,400 employees, most of them engineers -- and its bottom floor will be open to the public. An anonymous reader quotes Recode: People will be able to walk through the middle of the building, where they can shop in retail stores and dine at cafes also frequented by Googlers... A summary of plans from Google also describes spaces for workshops and demonstrations of new technologies such as virtual reality. Visitors might encounter a pop-up store devoted to virtual reality or demonstrations of smart-home devices made by Alphabet subsidiary Nest, according to the spokesperson... This is the first time Google has built a campus from the ground up...

Generally speaking, Bay Area tech companies have tended to of cut their workplaces off from the communities surrounding them. Employees take private buses to their campuses, and stay on-site for non-work activities like meals in private cafeterias and exercise classes. Google offers similar amenities to its employees, but makes its open, grassy areas open to anyone.

The San Francisco Chronicle reports Google's new building will be " shaped to resemble a puffy white cloud, with solar panels on the roof... The campus also will have a plaza where the public can soak in performances."

AKA: Google Destroys local business

By s.petry • Score: 4, Insightful • Thread

I work in SF, I'll keep the name safe, for a company who does not provide food perks. The reason they don't is that it destroys local businesses. I was not really sure about the impact until Google opened an office not far away. The bottom floors of most buildings in SF are local restaurants. Within a few months of Google opening with free food for their employees, the bottom of the building was vacant. Hundreds of jobs lost, from cooks and restaurant workers to food delivery and cleaning services.

Not that Google cares mind you, as is obvious with this new deal.

The populace does not need this, and it creates a public dependence on Google. So much for the small guy and competition.

What advantage does cutting off employees provide?

By bogaboga • Score: 3 • Thread

Generally speaking, Bay Area tech companies have tended to of cut their workplaces off from the communities surrounding them.

Does this have a measurable advantage/merit?

I can think of one maybe: Small chance of [trade or intellectual] secrets "leaking" out.

Re: AKA: Google Destroys local business

By sdinfoserv • Score: 4, Insightful • Thread
Don't think for a second the food is "free" : Google is retaining their staff on premise - less chance of someone eavesdropping on a call / conversation or shoulder surfing a laptop. Staff members continue to work over lunch since they're on the campus anyway and can have meetings while eating. Also offering dinner allows (encourages) staffers to put in longer hours not having to run out for meals. No, this is strictly an efficiency / security decision by the corporate overlord.

Some HTTPS Inspection Tools Actually Weaken Security

Posted by EditorDavidView on SlashDotShareable Link
America's Department of Homeland Security issued a new warning this week. An anonymous reader quotes IT World: Companies that use security products to inspect HTTPS traffic might inadvertently make their users' encrypted connections less secure and expose them to man-in-the-middle attacks, the U.S. Computer Emergency Readiness Team warns. US-CERT, a division of the Department of Homeland Security, published an advisory after a recent survey showed that HTTPS inspection products don't mirror the security attributes of the original connections between clients and servers. "All systems behind a hypertext transfer protocol secure (HTTPS) interception product are potentially affected," US-CERT said in its alert.
Slashdot reader msm1267 quotes Threatpost: HTTPS inspection boxes sit between clients and servers, decrypting and inspecting encrypted traffic before re-encrypting it and forwarding it to the destination server... The client cannot verify how the inspection tool is validating certificates, or whether there is an attacker positioned between the proxy and the target server.

expose them to man-in-the-middle attacks

By fisted • Score: 5, Insightful • Thread

might inadvertently make their users' encrypted connections less secure and expose them to man-in-the-middle attacks,

Well no shit, given that the traffic inspection itself has to be done via a man-in-the-middle attack.

What's with the banner across the page?

By I'm New Around Here • Score: 3 • Thread

So now Slashdot has to have ads everywhere, even across the page as I scroll down.

Actually, it's just a grey bar, because the adblocker stops the actual content. But I still have a grey bar that I don't want.

So long slashdot. It's been nice knowing you over the last 16 years.

Re:expose them to man-in-the-middle attacks

By JohnFen • Score: 5, Insightful • Thread

The concept involved is the increase in the "surface area" of potential failure. If you've introduced a system that sits in the middle, decrypting communications, processing the communications, and re-encrypting them, you've also introduced quite a lot of things that can go wrong, and have increased the chances that something will.

In the global view, given how common these things are, is approaches inevitable that there will be security problems.

"Inadvertently"?

By jddj • Score: 3 • Thread

How is this inadvertent?

These tools have been out there for years.

The user of the inspection box is INTENTIONALLY looking at my encrypted data, which could include PHI, PCI, or just plain shit I don't want them to see. My security has already been breached.

That these boxes are even possible to create and deploy (i.e. that someone CAN grant a CA for the box (not even that someone will do so)) shows the untenability of the entire "web of trust" for certs that is supposed to make you certain your data isn't being hijacked over TLS.

As long as this is out there, one can have _zero_ confidence any TLS-encrypted session isn't being hijacked.

I hope there's a rebuild of encrypted transport, and that next time, they don't make certificates so horsey. No, I don't know how to do that perfectly. Seems there's no way to do it peer-to-peer if I have to go down to every bank or business with a printout of their cert and match it up.

Maybe there's something blockchain technology could offer to make certs truly verifiable...

What happened to the alternatives to SSL/TLS?

By jonwil • Score: 3 • Thread

Various proposals have been put forward to replace various parts of SSL/TLS (including the broken CA model) with better things that can't be easily targeted with man-in-the-middle attacks.
The EFF has the Sovereign Keys project.
DANE stores security related information in DNS and is the subject of several RFC standards.
Other proposals exist to replace some or all of SSL/TLS as well.

Why are people out there in the real world (makers of web browsers and servers for example) not interested in implementing any of these alternatives to the current horridly broken system?

Could We Eliminate Spam With DMARC?

Posted by EditorDavidView on SlashDotShareable Link
An anonymous reader writes: "The spam problem would not only be significantly reduced, it'd probably almost go away," argues Paul Edmunds, the head of technology from the cybercrimes division of the U.K.'s National Crime Agency -- suggesting that more businesses should be using DMARC, an email validation system that uses both the Sender Policy Framework (SPF) and DomainKeys Identified Mail (DKIM). "Edmunds argued, if DMARC was rolled out everywhere in order to verify if messages come from legitimate domains, it would be a major blow to spam distributors and take a big step towards protecting organizations from this type of crime..." reports ZDNet. "However, according to a recent survey by the Global Cyber Alliance, DMARC isn't widely used and only 15% of cybersecurity vendors themselves are using DMARC to prevent email spoofing.
Earlier this month America's FTC also reported that 86% of major online businesses used SPF to help ISPs authenticate their emails -- but fewer than 10% have implemented DMARC.

This is only half the problem

By eneville • Score: 4, Insightful • Thread

The majority of malware and spam come from botnet controlled accounts on valid domains. Most of the 419 spam originates at gmail. Not because gmail is worst, but it's because it's a trusted source of mail.

The reason I say this is not going to work is that you will get spam on any popular communication mechanism. Facebook gets quite a bit now, that's not email, and they control both the sender and the receiver, the spam could be zapped before you know about it, you're just seeing that which got through the filters from a sender that has not been reported.

Re:Yes we can, but we won't

By Fly Swatter • Score: 4, Insightful • Thread
The same problem exists for fixing caller id.

Email is bullshit

By ilsaloving • Score: 3 • Thread

There are a number of problems with email security that all feed back on themselves. One problem is that a shocking number of major corporations don't bother with these measures, making it pointless for anyone else to. If I set up SPF on my mail server, and a test email from none other than Google fails to arrive because their SPF records are wonky, so as a small two-bit operator I need to either disable all this nice security, or maintain an extensive whitelist for all the companies who don't do things properly. And SPF is trivial to implement compared to domainkeys.

And meanwhile, these same companies may block MY email for ridiculously arbitrary reasons. One time I had to troubleshoot why an email sent through my server didn't arrive, and it turned out that the recipient was using some kind of idiotic filter that insisted the EHLO have some kind of ridiculous format that has nothing to do with any security recommendation or in the RFC.

These wonderful doodads like DMARC are useless if nobody can be bothered to implement them, and really, why SHOULD people bother to implement them if nobody else does?

This requires everyone agreeing to work together to get this implemented, which basically guarantees that it never will.

Re:gray listing works

By I'm New Around Here • Score: 5, Funny • Thread

How big was your span originally?

Re: Compatible? Nyet!

By Anonymous Coward • Score: 5, Insightful • Thread

And then you're blocking pretty much any corporate user of O365 or any number of Microsoft "server" product users

Still failing to see the downside here...

Researchers Build An AI That's Better At Reading Lips Than Humans

Posted by EditorDavidView on SlashDotShareable Link
An anonymous reader quotes the BBC: Scientists at Oxford say they've invented an artificial intelligence system that can lip-read better than humans. The system, which has been trained on thousands of hours of BBC News programs, has been developed in collaboration with Google's DeepMind AI division. "Watch, Attend and Spell", as the system has been called, can now watch silent speech and get about 50% of the words correct. That may not sound too impressive - but when the researchers supplied the same clips to professional lip-readers, they got only 12% of words right...
The system now recognizes 17,500 words, and one of the researchers says, "As it keeps watching TV, it will learn."

17 years too late

By Anonymous Coward • Score: 5, Insightful • Thread

I'm sorry Dave, I'm afraid I can't do that.

perfect opportunity

By v1 • Score: 3 • Thread

Sseeing as there's so much closed-captioning going on, they've got an enormous volume of material to train their neural network on.

I've done this sort of thing before, and often finding a large set of quality training material is a significant challenge.

Getting half the words correct, then feeding that into a grammar / context engine should yield very close to 100% accuracy. That's what deaf (and hearing impaired) lip readers have to do since the stated 12% initial recognition is about right. They have to stay very focused on the speaker and make heavy use of context to work out what's being said. And that's a perfect job for a computer.

The surveillance state

By JustAnotherOldGuy • Score: 4, Insightful • Thread

The surveillance state is coming in its pants thinking about all the additional conversations they'll be able to monitor now.

Time to break out the bandannas and cough-masks....soon it'll be fashionable to wear them in public!

Professional lip readers are bunk.

By Khyber • Score: 3 • Thread

Go compare this to a deaf person that reads lips. I know of literally thousands that never miss a single spoken word as long as they're looking at the speaker's mouth.

Source: Camfrog, where there are fucktons of deaf people communicating with those with hearing. We speak after getting their attention with a hand signal, they read our lips and reply with zero issues.

Round peg, meet round hole

By yodleboy • Score: 4, Interesting • Thread
Why don't they offer to run this against the thousands of hours of course videos that Berkley just pulled due to ADA? Google gets massive training material, Berkley gets free transcripts, and the material stays online. Everyone wins...

Physicists Find That As Clocks Get More Precise, Time Gets More Fuzzy

Posted by EditorDavidView on SlashDotShareable Link
Physicists "have combined two grand theories of physics to conclude not only is time not universally consistent, any clock we use to measure it will blur the flow of time in its surrounding space." An anonymous reader quotes ScienceAlert: A team of physicists from the University of Vienna and the Austrian Academy of Sciences have applied quantum mechanics and general relativity to argue that increasing the precision of measurements on clocks in the same space also increases their warping of time... [W]hile the theories are both supported by experiments, they usually don't play well together, forcing physicists to consider a new theory that will allow them both to be correct at the same time...

In this case, the physicists hypothesized the act of measuring time in greater detail requires the possibility of increasing amounts of energy, in turn making measurements in the immediate neighborhood of any time-keeping devices less precise. "Our findings suggest that we need to re-examine our ideas about the nature of time when both quantum mechanics and general relativity are taken into account," says researcher Esteban Castro.

The article opens with the statement that "time is weird," noting that despite our own human-centric expectations, "the Universe doesn't have a master clock to run by."

Heisenberg

By flargleblarg • Score: 3 • Thread
"I am the one who clocks."

Re:Makes sense

By Baloroth • Score: 5, Interesting • Thread

So I would expect there to be a time-corollary of Heisenberg's Uncertainty Principle [wikipedia.org].

There is, but it's probably not what you're thinking of. Technically speaking, the Heisenberg uncertainty pair applies to any two pairs of non-commutating quantum variables (or, depending on how you look at it, any two Fourier partners). Position and momentum happen to be one such pair. Another is time and energy. What that means, however, is that the energy of a particle in an unstable state (i.e. a state that can spontaneously decay into a lower energy state) is not perfectly well-defined, and the variance in energy is inversely proportional to the average decay time. In other words, the faster a particle (or state) decays, the wider the range of energies that particle/state is allowed to have, so that only long-lived states of physical systems have well-defined energies (by "long lived" I mean something like microseconds or even nanoseconds, which is long by quantum standards).

In the case of time measurements, this would generally mean the energy of our clock becomes less well defined as we make more and more precise measurements of the time. That's not really a problem, though: we just have to be greater that 1/2 h_bar, which is ~3e-16 eV*s. That means if the uncertainty in our time is 1 part in 10,000,000,000,000,000 (modern atomic clocks are very roughly in that range), we have an uncertainty of about 1 eV in the energy of our state. That's decently large (in terms of atomic scale physics), but pretty negligible in terms of everything else (nuclear physics involves energies a million times greater than that).

Re:Is there a thing called time?

By lgw • Score: 4, Funny • Thread

We cannot "sample" time.
We cannot "stop" time.
We cannot evaluate the opposite of time, or "not-time".
We cannot directly "measure" time.
We cannot directly "see" time.
If we cannot evaluate these things, does time exist?

You only think this because you have been educated stupid.
4 Simultaneous Days Same Earth Rotation.
Your dirty lying teachers use only the midnight to midnight
1 day (ignoring 3 other days) Time to not foul (already wrong)
bible time. Lie that corrupts earth you educated stupid fools.

Earth Has 4 Days In Same 24 Hrs., 1 Day God Was Wrong.
Einstein Was ONEist Brain. Try My Belly-Button Logic.
No God Knows About 4 Days,
It Is Evil To Ignore 4 Days, Does Your Teacher Know ?

Sigh - we miss you Gene Ray - Time Cube forever!

Re:It's all a simulation

By Greyfox • Score: 5, Insightful • Thread
Yes! And time is so problematic because the simulation is being run on a massively parallel system. While each processor is able to handle the physics and timing of a small area reasonably well, keeping time synchronized for the entire universe would slow the entire thing down far too much. Moreover, since the project was designed as a simple demonstration of how to convert hydrogen to plutonium over time, making an effort to do so was deemed unnecessary. We also had a problem with some particles being uninitialized upon creation and going off at a very high velocity, so the top speed in this particular universe simulation was capped to prevent anything too untoward from happening.

The simulation has been running reasonably well for the amount of effort put into it, although there are still some issues of localized processors crashing when mass values in specific locations go too high, and some number of processors have been having to synchronize their timing signals across boundaries for reasons we do not currently understand. There is also the minor issue that eventually the plutonium degrades back to hydrogen, along with everything else, but we had no intention of ever allowing the simulation to run that long anyway.

Semantics matter

By 93 Escort Wagon • Score: 5, Insightful • Thread

"Physicists Find That..."

Given that this wasn't a presentation of new research data, but rather an argument attempting to reconcile two theories - it is incorrect to claim that they "found" anything. Replacing that word with "argue" would fix that.

Although perhaps there's a Slashdot corollary to all this stating the more accurate a headline is, the more fuzzy the linked article will be...

US Lawmakers Propose Minimum Seat Sizes For Airlines

Posted by EditorDavidView on SlashDotShareable Link
The size of each passenger's seat on an airplane -- as well as the distance between rows of seats -- should be standardized, according to legislation proposed by two American lawmakers. Slashdot reader AmiMoJo quotes Consumerist: The text of the bill does not specify any dimensions for seat widths or legroom. Rather, if the legislation is passed, the particulars would be left up to the FAA to sort out... Though seat size may vary from airline to airline, Cohen notes that the average distance between rows of seats has dropped from 35 inches before airline deregulation in the 1970s, to around 31 inches today. Your backside is getting the squeeze, as well, as the average width of an airline seat has also shrunk from 18 inches to about 16.5 inches.

Re:About time!

By Solandri • Score: 5, Insightful • Thread
The problem isn't space. The problem is people unwilling to pay extra for extra space. The small percentage of the population which falls outside size norms want to pass laws requiring that they be given enough space at the same price as everyone else. As a result, just like the ADA individuals who got UC Berkeley's online course videos pulled off the web, larger people are going to get lower priced seats for regular-sized and smaller people eliminated.

Most airlines now have an economy+ section, with bigger seat pitch and sometimes wider seats. It only costs about 10%-20% more than a regular seat, so you're not stuck paying business class fares. I'm sorry you'll have to pay a bit more than me to fly, but what gives you the right to deny a smaller person lower prices for a smaller seat?

Legislation requiring slightly larger seats and slightly higher prices (economy+) be available on all flights is fine. Legislation outlawing "smaller" seats which fit the vast majority of passengers is stupid.

I refuse to fly

By p51d007 • Score: 3 • Thread
#1 reason is the (illegal) TSA treating everyone like a criminal...searching EVERYONE in the name of "safety" (giving up your rights as a citizen...in the name of security LMAO). #2, I remember when just 30+ years ago, it was still somewhat of a treat to get on an airliner. I even remember as a kid, anyone would walk right up to the gate of the airplane, to see someone depart or arrive. Heck, you even got REAL China, REAL stainless steel knives and forks. #3, flying today? Nothing more than cattle being transported from one location to the other. Rude people, rude staff at times, courtesty out the door. Wonder how long it will be, until public transit hand rails will come along, and everyone is made to stand during the flight. Gotta maximize the passenger load. Sorry...I'll just drive to where I need to go. Screw the airlines, TSA and all that other crap!

information

By Lehk228 • Score: 3 • Thread
instead of interfering on behalf of the gluttons and the expense of everyone else, why not just mandate that the purchase page disclose the dimensions of the seat.

Re:Alternative headline...

By ShanghaiBill • Score: 5, Informative • Thread

Those fatties are NOT Republicans.

Uh ... yes they are.

The ten states with the highest obesity rates, and who they voted for in 2016:

Louisiana - Trump
Alabama - Trump
Mississippi - Trump
West Virginia - Trump
Kentucky - Trump
Arkansas - Trump
Kansas - Trump
Oklahoma - Trump
Tennessee - Trump
Missouri - Trump

And here are the states with the lowest rates of obesity:

Colorado - Hillary
DC - Hillary
Hawaii - Hillary
Montana - Trump
California - Hillary
Massachusetts - Hillary
Utah - Trump
New York - Hillary
Vermont - Hillary
Connecticut - Hillary

cattle class...

By sxpert • Score: 3 • Thread
is this law proposition coming from lawmakers that were recently forced to fly cattle class and didn't like it ?

Ask Slashdot: Best Virtual Reality Headsets?

Posted by BeauHDView on SlashDotShareable Link
Quantus347 writes: Straightforward question: I held off for a year to let the various manufacturers shake out the bugs, but now it's down to either a virtual-reality system or a new generation console. So I ask you, the Slashdot community, what are your personal experiences with any of the various VR systems out there? What are their strengths and weaknesses? What little things annoy you the most? What features make a given product the best (or worst) option? "Sprinkle us with wisdom from your mighty brain!" For reference, the HTC Vive costs $799.00, while the Oculus Rift with Oculus Touch motion controllers costs $598 (which is the price after the recent markdown from $799). These prices do not include the necessary hardware required to power each headset. The PlayStation VR ($399.99), Samsung Gear VR ($99.99), and Google Daydream View ($79.00) are also available for less moolah.

I have both and..

By CptLoRes • Score: 4, Informative • Thread
I have both the Rift and the Vive, and the Rift is collecting dust. Rift may have better ergonomics, but the Vive has a much higher 'just works out of the box' factor with better tracking and software. It is sadly also becoming a choice made on principle. The Rift was supposed to be the open system, but after the Facebook money they have turned into what is by far the most closed system of them all right now.

None, except possibly PSVR

By Quarters • Score: 5, Insightful • Thread

Seriously, it's too early. You're looking at first generation hardware across the board and not enough software support for any of the platforms to make it a long term compelling experience. If VR is truly getting established this time, a big 'if', then within three years you will have a worthless gadget that can't keep up. Everyone else will be on 3rd or 4th generation hardware with 2x - 4x the resolution and the software won't be compatible with your 1st gen stuff.

If you absolutely want to drop the cash on this stuff now I'd say get a PS4 and a PSVR headset. It's the lowest cost of entry, is the easiest to set up, and you can be certain a game you buy will worth with your hardware. Neither of the PC based solutions are anywhere close to being that turnkey currently.

Vive owner's thoughts on Rift vs Vive

By Wescotte • Score: 3 • Thread

Technically speaking the Rift and Vive headsets are very close. The Rift has a slightly lower FOV resulting a higher pixel density which ends up producing slightly less screen door effect. However, people also complain the Rift has more lens flair issues than the Vive does. So when it comes to which one objectively looks better you can make solid arguments for both headsets and it comes down to which specific flaws stand out more to you.

The Rift (out of the box) is absolutely better when it comes to ergonomics but having integrated headphones is debatable... I personally decided to get rid of the Vive strap and did a variation of the welding mask mod ( https://www.youtube.com/watch?... ) and feel that closed the gap in terms of comfort. There is an official HTC strap coming in the next few months that will resolve Vive comfort issues. It won't be included and sold for another $100 but I suspect with the Rift price cut they're going to rethink that strategy.

Touch vs Vive wands is tricky... It really depends on what game you are playing as both have their advantages and disadvantages. Touch is absolutely better for gesturing and feels closer to actually having your hands in VR. However, when it comes to holding objects like a sword or a gun the Vive wand feels more natural/realistic. HTC has a tracker module coming out in the next few months that will allow all sorts of 3rd party peripherals and Valve has demoed new controller prototypes so any advantages Touch has probably won't be long lived.

When it comes to tracking the lighthouse technology is superior. If you are just playing seated games then Rift is faster/easier to setup but as soon as you're standing and want to move around there is no contest. You can get a good room scale experience with a Rift but it is more complicated to setup and is still officially considered "experimental" by Oculus.

Openness/Compatibility is another obvious win for HTC/Valve over Oculus/Facebook. Oculus wants you to use its store and only with its hardware and has DRM to prevent other hardware from using their software. Revive is software that less you bypass the DRM and play Rift games with the Vive but Oculus could break it anytime they want (they stated they won't anymore...) and have done so in the past. HTC's new tracker module offers tons of flexibility. Valve's lighthouse technology is being used with LG's upcoming ( https://www.youtube.com/watch?... ) VR headset. Even though I don't agree with Oculus business practices I admit i still think it's debatable which is better for VR in the long run as they are throwing tons of money into software development.

I'm a Vive owner since June and would still recommend Vive over Rift in spite of the $200 price difference. However, I still absolutely recommend you check out both in person and see for yourself.

Re:Depends what you want

By Wescotte • Score: 4, Informative • Thread

I personally believe the visuals are close enough to not care but...

Rift has reduced screen door effect making it better than Vive
Rift has slight smaller field of view making it worse than Vive
Rift has a slightly darker screen and often people prefer the brighter more vibrant colors of the Vive.
Rift has worse lens flair issues than the Vive
Rift and Vive have different focal planes. One requires you to focus a few feet in front of you while the other at infinity. Some people find one more comfortable than the other.

Rift's head strap is simply better engineered to stay in place and balance the weight of the device so you can play longer. It also has integrated headphones which makes it faster/easier to put on/take off. However, if you don't have a head shaped for it the Vive's elastic bands can be more comfortable. Vive offers more flexibility for people who wear glasses as you can adjust the distance between your eye and the lens independent of how it's mounted on your head. HTC is releasing a deluxe strap that is similar to the Rift in the next couple months.

The Vive strap is annoying enough to many where you'll find plenty of people (myself included) elected to fix the problem using off the shelf parts like this: https://www.youtube.com/watch?...

Informed opinion

By hoover11 • Score: 5, Informative • Thread

We have a product that runs now on Rift, Vive, and PSVR and will soon on Daydream and upcoming mobile and Windows VR. Take my opinion for what it's worth.

Comfortable VR requires low-latency motion sensing, screen displays with pixels on/off for precise periods to avoid blur or flickering, simulation and rendering that is at least 60 fps, and asynchronous reprojection of that output to 90 or 120 hz. All of the above VR systems are capable of comfortable VR running applications that meet that framerate requirement. Many would additionally argue that head-position tracking is a requirement for comfortable VR, because otherwise the world "moves" with your head. We say it's definitely better to have than not, as long as it has the same low-latency as rotation sensing and is reliable.

Applications also need to minimize the difference between acceleration you see with your eyes and feel with your balance. Our research shows people have different trigger thresholds for simulation sickness, and different sensitivities to different types of acceleration (for instance most people can handle differences in forward acceleration than vertical, and both better than turning). Different applications have many ways to address this: low detail backgrounds or background occlusion when turning, "cockpits" that turn with you, shuttering of FOV to reduce peripheral detail when turning, teleporting, acceleration limits, head-synced turning, level design that encourages more or less accelerations and vertigo, room-scale only movement, etc. You will have to jump in yourself and find what you are capable of and what applications do the trick for you.

The rest comes down to features and ecosystem of each VR system. Hardware systems have been evolving very rapidly but here's a brief rundown.

Vive & Rift are very similar from sensing and screen and computing requirements,wide fields of view, high application framerates, They both now require a tether to your PC with I5-4590 & GTX 970 or better performance. Vive came out with full room-scale position sensing and two hand-controllers, which has led to a lot of great room-scale applications. Rift came out with built-in headphones which are key to enjoying the full VR experience, as sounds can be "binaurally" mixed to sound like they are coming from precise locations, and is lighter than Vive. There are a lot of Vive add-ons available now or soon that include face covers, wireless transmission, tracking pucks and alternate head mounts with headphones.

PSVR actually has a higher screen refresh (120 hz) than Vive & Rift (90 hz) which makes looking around (with async reprojection) feel more crisp. But most PSVR applications run at 60 fps rather than 90 fps like most Vive & Rift apps, which makes object animations and positional travel less crisp. PS4 Pro apps can hit 90 fps at about the same level of detail but that depends on the developer. The PSVR's screen might be the brighest and uses a different pixel technology, less little dots and more solid squares, that is a matter of taste. It's a little heavier than Vive but is balanced between front and back so the weight rests on your forehead--in fact its screen guard doesn't even touch your face like Vive & Rift, and can move out and in for easier use by glasses wearers. PSVR's position tracking relies on visible light which is a bit less robust than the other two, though all of them have problems in direct sunlight.

Microsoft VR is further out but looks to be aiming for PSVR level performance on PCs with less than Rift/Vive specs. A notable feature is "inside-out" position tracking, coming from their Hololens research, which doesn't require external cameras like Vive/Rift/PSVR.

Daydream on a Pixel phone (Snapdragon 821) is surprisingly good for mobile. In our tests it has about twice the power of S7 running on GearVR, which our application can't yet run on with sufficient detail. Its applications require 60 fps but it has asynchronous reprojection to what feels like a 90 hz screen refre

Southwest Airlines Is Doing Away With Pneumatic Tubes, Paper Tickets

Posted by BeauHDView on SlashDotShareable Link
As part of Southwest's biggest tech upgrade in its 45 years of existence, the company will doing away with several of its antiquated practices, including paper tickets and the use of pneumatic tubes to send messages at airports. Consumerist reports: The airline says the goal of these upgrades is to keep planes moving in and out of airports as quickly as possible. "We're looking for minutes," Chief Operating Officer Mike Van de Ven told Bloomberg. "How do I save a minute here, a minute there? In 2017, we are more deliberate in our continuous improvement efforts." The new reservation system will allow Southwest to accept foreign money -- something its rivals can already do -- bounce back faster from storms, and have more control over price changes and schedules. Ramp workers will be getting tablets with real-time information to speed up airplanes' "turn time" -- how quickly they can deboard and reboard passengers and take off again. Tarmac staffers also won't be using pneumatic tubes anymore to send notes via canister about lost luggage and other communications to the cargo workers in charge of calculating jet weight and balance. Digital transmissions will replace that system, as well as printouts for workers who transport bags to and fro. Customers will be seeing changes as well, as the new reservation system means Southwest can ditch paper tickets altogether and stick with electronic tickets only.

Meanwhile...

By hyades1 • Score: 3 • Thread

Somewhere in Russia, a team of hackers are licking their chops.

Re: Please don't ditch paper completely

By hobbes vs boyle • Score: 5, Insightful • Thread
TFA mentions *tickets* only, not boarding passes. May be sloppy language on their end. But if not: I haven't seen a paper airline ticket in ages.

Re: Rough edges visible miles away

By DarkOx • Score: 5, Informative • Thread

law of large numbers. Pick an aircraft with 140+ seats all sold someone is going to have problems with the device. It will be disruptive.

That said the article is about tickets, which are NOT boarding passes. For those who don't fly often let me explain: I can't remember EVER having a paper plane ticket. e-tickets have been a thing since the 90's even non-computery types usually use e-tickets because that is what their travel agent or secretary does for them. The general public usually books online. and you guessed is issued an e-ticket, which is really just a reservation number/code. They then just show up at the check-in counter and provide their name, destination airport, and the reservation number if they know it and the customer service person looks it up and prints them a boarding pass.

Boarding passes not tickets are what the TSA scans, and what the airline either rips (small carriers that server county airports and the like still do this) or scans at the gate, so they have an accurate passenger manifest and ensure nobody gets on the wrong flight.

Assuming this is talking about tickets and not boarding passes than I would say the time to retire paper ticketing infrastructure was a long time ago as its not useful and I can't think of really any reason why anyone anywhere needs to use. On the other hand paper boarding passes are nice. They are much faster to scan than trying to guess what distance your cell phone screen needs to be held at so they can read the QR code. I really wish people would not do that. When you use those dumb wallet apps or even the airlines own app you are holding up the line, you are THAT GUY and I hate you!

Additionally after a long week onsite somewhere when I am on my way home I'd like to be able to watch the airlines movies streamed over wifi to my phone or read a book with the kindle app and not fear that a dead battery is going to complicate getting on my connecting flight! Its nice to know I can just pull that paper pass out of my pocket and go, even if I have drained my phone watching "Die Hard 14 - People are still leaving piles of money in strange places" on the plane.

Not paper boarding passes, paper tickets

By ErichTheRed • Score: 3 • Thread

I work in the airline IT world. "Paper tickets" aren't the paper boarding passes you print out at the kiosk. These are actual tickets issued at travel agents or airport ticket counters, and go back to a time when you could buy a ticket independent of a reservation or seat assignment. In fact, travel agents used to be able to manually hand-write them and the only thing keeping them secure was that ticket stock was controlled. It's similar to buying a train ticket for a commuter railroad from the machine at the station...unless you're reserving a seat, you can exchange it for a seat on whatever train you get on. Same went for paper tickets -- if you had a ticket that said "JFK to LAX" you could go to the airport and check in on any flight if you had an open reservation.

The article mentions that they're doing this to get rid of paper buddy passes, which really are the only paper tickets most domestic airlines deal with these days. It's incredibly rare to process paper tickets for passengers these days.

Re:Rough edges visible miles away

By Nkwe • Score: 4, Informative • Thread

I for me think that's fine and dandy but be careful not to throw out the good with the bad. Electronic-only boarding passes? How am I supposed to hold those? So they're now requiring me to carry a mobile phone or tablet just to hold that ticket?

The article talked about paper tickets not paper boarding passes. They are not the same thing. A paper ticket is a document that holds the value of your journey, it is like cash and similar to cash, expensive to handle. A boarding pass is a document that says you may get on the plane and on most airlines indicates your seat assignment. The boarding pass holds no monetary value. The boarding pass typically has a ticket reference number on it, but it is not the actual ticket. All other airlines that I am aware of (at least the majors in the US) got rid of paper tickets years ago, they all still have options for paper boarding passes. I don't fly Southwest due to their boarding process and lack of assigned seats, so I wasn't aware but was surprised to hear that an airline was still using paper tickets.

Climate Shaped the Human Nose, Researchers Say

Posted by BeauHDView on SlashDotShareable Link
An anonymous reader quotes a report from The Guardian: Human noses have been shaped by climate, according to research probing variation in the human snout. Researchers say their findings back up the theory that wider nostrils developed in populations living in warm, humid conditions, while populations living in high latitudes, such as northern Europe, developed narrower nostrils as an adaptation to the chilly, dry conditions. Writing in the journal Plos Genetics, researchers from the U.S., Ireland and Belgium describe how they began to unpick variations in nose shape by using 3D facial imaging to take a host of measurements from 476 volunteers of south Asian, east Asian, west African and northern European ancestry. The results revealed that only two out of seven nose-related traits were found to differ more between the populations than would be expected from the impact of random, chance changes in genetic makeup over time. The authors say that suggests variations in those traits have been influenced by natural selection. With further analysis, based on data from participants of west African and European ancestry, confirming that nose shape is highly heritable, the team looked to see if there was a link between nose shape and climate. The results showed that nostril width is linked to temperature and absolute humidity, with participants whose ancestors lived in warm-humid climates on average having wider nostrils than those whose ancestors lived in cool-dry climates. That, says Arslan Zaidi, co-author of the study from Pennsylvania State University, could be because narrower nasal passages help to increase the moisture content of air and warm it -- a bonus for those in higher latitudes.

No sh*t.

By Qbertino • Score: 3 • Thread

As far as evolutionary theory goes, this is about as "Captain Obvious" you can get, imho.

Not buying it

By Alan R Light • Score: 5, Interesting • Thread

Having spent several months on the polar plateau, I say it's humbug. There's not enough room in the nose to warm up air appreciably, and the extra surface area exposed to cold air is more likely to expose it to frostbite (and chunks falling off) than do anything useful. What good will that air-warmer do once it has fallen off?

Also, how could any study of the suitability of nose type to climate fail to include at least one polar people, such as the Inuit, Sami, or Chukchi?