Alterslash

the unofficial Slashdot digest for 2019-Nov-05 today archive

Contents

  1. More Than 11,000 Scientists From Around the World Declare a 'Climate Emergency'
  2. Uber Test Vehicles Involved In 37 Crashes Before Fatal Self-Driving Incident
  3. Walmart Reaches Settlement With Tesla Over Solar Panel Fires, Drops Lawsuit
  4. AT&T Users Whose 'Unlimited Data' Was Throttled Get $60 Million In Refunds
  5. An Energy Breakthrough Could Store Solar Power For Decades
  6. Facebook Says 100 Software Developers May Have Improperly Accessed User Data
  7. The Original Google Pixel Will Get One Final Update In December
  8. T-Mobile Says It Owns Exclusive Rights To the Color Magenta
  9. One Bitcoin 'Whale' May Have Fueled the Currency's Price Spike in 2017
  10. Samsung Shutting Down Custom CPU Division in the US
  11. Little-known Companies Are Amassing Your Data and Selling the Analysis To Clients
  12. Trump CTO Addresses AI, Facial Recognition, Immigration, Tech Infrastructure, and More
  13. Alcohol Breath Tests, a Linchpin of the Criminal Justice System, Are Often Unreliable
  14. Africa Should Look To India For Digital Inspiration
  15. A Glitch in Robinhood App is Allowing Users To Trade Stocks With Excess Borrowed Funds, Giving Them Access To What Amounts To Free Money
  16. Don't Reboot Your Computer After You've Been Infected With Ransomware, Experts Say
  17. German Government Expands Subsidies For Electric Cars
  18. Xiaomi Launches Mi Watch, Its $185 Apple Watch Clone
  19. Warehouses Are Tracking Workers' Every Muscle Movement
  20. Martin Scorsese: I Said Marvel Movies Aren't Cinema. Let Me Explain.
  21. Digital Authoritarianism Is On the Rise Around the World, Report Warns
  22. Adobe and Twitter Are Designing a System For Permanently Attaching Artists' Names To Pictures
  23. Interstellar Space Even Weirder Than Expected, NASA Probe Reveals

Alterslash picks the best 5 comments from each of the day’s Slashdot stories, and presents them on a single page for easy reading.

More Than 11,000 Scientists From Around the World Declare a 'Climate Emergency'

Posted by BeauHDView on SlashDotShareable Link
An anonymous reader quotes a report from The Guardian: The world's people face "untold suffering due to the climate crisis" unless there are major transformations to global society, according to a stark warning from more than 11,000 scientists. "We declare clearly and unequivocally that planet Earth is facing a climate emergency," it states. "To secure a sustainable future, we must change how we live. [This] entails major transformations in the ways our global society functions and interacts with natural ecosystems." There is no time to lose, the scientists say: "The climate crisis has arrived and is accelerating faster than most scientists expected. It is more severe than anticipated, threatening natural ecosystems and the fate of humanity."

The statement is published in the journal BioScience on the 40th anniversary of the first world climate conference, which was held in Geneva in 1979. The statement was a collaboration of dozens of scientists and endorsed by further 11,000 from 153 nations. The scientists say the urgent changes needed include ending population growth, leaving fossil fuels in the ground, halting forest destruction and slashing meat eating. Prof William Ripple, of Oregon State University and the lead author of the statement, said he was driven to initiate it by the increase in extreme weather he was seeing. A key aim of the warning is to set out a full range of "vital sign" indicators of the causes and effects of climate breakdown, rather than only carbon emissions and surface temperature rise.
"A broader set of indicators should be monitored, including human population growth, meat consumption, tree-cover loss, energy consumption, fossil-fuel subsidies and annual economic losses to extreme weather events," said co-author Thomas Newsome, of the University of Sydney. Other "profoundly troubling signs from human activities" selected by the scientists include booming air passenger numbers and world GDP growth.

The scientists did identify some positive signs, including decreasing global birth rates, increasing solar and wind power and fossil fuel divestment, and a falling rate of destruction in the Amazon. They also listed a series of actions people can do to help the "climate crisis":

- Use energy far more efficiently and apply strong carbon taxes to cut fossil fuel use
- Stabilize global population -- currently growing by 200,000 people a day -- using ethical approaches such as longer education for girls
- End the destruction of nature and restore forests and mangroves to absorb CO2
- Eat mostly plants and less meat, and reduce food waste
- Shift economic goals away from GDP growth

Re:"Scientists say..."

By cheekyboy • Score: 5, Insightful • Thread

Funny that , then when Geologists dispute the findings and conclusions of Archeologists early human findings and timings, eg. Egypt. Then they cry foul and say you dont know history.

I doubt a dark matter scientists will be much good on Climate change....

No matter the case, the biggest problem is China, followed by the Middle East selling all the much needed oil we burn daily, and the population problem of Africa exploding in people.

Re:In before "Ending population growth" is "racist

By DigiShaman • Score: 4, Interesting • Thread

Yes. They derive power from Islamic fundamentalists and would in fact use them to further their twisted and sick agenda (power and control for their own selfish purposes). Progressives give zero fucks about women rights, and in fact LGBT in the Middle East. If they did, they would go after the root cause - Islam.

Islam is written and codified to enforce the subjugation of women and children. And folks, that ain't going to end. In fact, it stand tall and proud to show just how hypocritical the Left is.

Re: Science is not determined by consensus

By ShieldW0lf • Score: 4, Insightful • Thread

This article is blatantly stating that "humanity needs to be filled" and you're calling him a sociopath?

The greatest threat to mankind is not climate change. The greatest threat to mankind is a global death cult.

Re:Science is not determined by consensus

By Cro Magnon • Score: 4, Insightful • Thread

If ten doctors tell me I'll die in a year and I don't, and they keep saying next year for sure, by year 10, I'm not going to take them seriously.

Re:Doesn't global warming affect only certian area

By DiscountBorg(TM) • Score: 4, Informative • Thread

How odd. A sample of the first three pages so far and it's mostly biologists, ecologists, geologists, a few environmentalists and astronomers.
These are all fields that contribute and research various areas related to climate change, so I'm not sure what you are referring to.

"or a sociologist"

Ah, I'm responding to one of "those" people.

Uber Test Vehicles Involved In 37 Crashes Before Fatal Self-Driving Incident

Posted by BeauHDView on SlashDotShareable Link
Uber's autonomous test vehicles were involved in 37 crashes in the 18 months before a fatal March 2018 self-driving car accident, the National Transportation Safety Board (NTSB) said on Tuesday. Reuters reports: The board said between September 2016 and March 2018, there were 37 crashes of Uber vehicles in autonomous mode at the time, including 33 that involved another vehicle striking test vehicles. In one incident, the test vehicle struck a bent bicycle lane bollard that partially occupied the test vehicle's lane of travel. In another incident, the operator took control to avoid a rapidly approaching oncoming vehicle that entered its lane of travel. The vehicle operator steered away and struck a parked car. The NTSB will hold a probable cause hearing on the crash Nov. 19. A spokeswoman for Uber's self-driving car division said the company has "adopted critical program improvements to further prioritize safety. We deeply value the thoroughness of the NTSB's investigation into the crash and look forward to reviewing their recommendations."

Bloomberg is also reporting that Uber's self-driving test car wasn't programmed to recognize and react to jawalkers. The report said "the system design did not include a consideration for jaywalking pedestrians." [Elaine Herzberg, the 49-year-old pedestrian that was struck by one of Uber's self-driving cars] was crossing the road outside of a crosswalk.

Re:Am I reading this correctly?

By fluffernutter • Score: 5, Insightful • Thread
Again.. if it is being hit with the same frequency as a human, then fine this is non news. But if it's driving in a jerky and unpredictable manner and as a result people are running into it, than it's not human enough to be on a road with humans.

And this means what exactly?

By Dereck1701 • Score: 4, Insightful • Thread

It is a sad tendency in our current public discourse to pull some numbers out of context and claim that makes a designated thing good/bad. How many vehicles were involved in the tests (dozens?, hundreds?, thousands?), how many miles/hours did they drive, and how did those statistics compare to human controlled vehicles? If I just blurt out that +30k people die and there are 6 Million crashes per year at the hands of human drivers, that sounds pretty bad. But when you throw in that we drive ~3 Trillion miles per year making the statistics much less distressing (~500k miles per accident and ~100m miles per death, average driver travel ~15k miles). The measure of self driving should be is it better than what we have, not if it is perfect. If we were focused on perfecting each aspect or our lives before moving on to the next aspect we'd still be living in thatched roof huts trying to perfect the mud we slapped on the walls.

Jaywalking...

By BytePusher • Score: 4, Insightful • Thread
So, Uber's vehicle was programmed to mow down people crossing the road outside of a crosswalk. I do this every day. Yet somehow we believe these companies need LESS regulation when developing inherently dangerous technology? Why wasn't Uber required to put each revision of their vehicle's software through some kind of test environment for common road hazards and exceptions?

Jaywalkers are not a thing in most coutries

By ukoda • Score: 5, Insightful • Thread
Not designing it to handle jaywalkers in the USA sounds like a law suit waiting to happen. However outside the USA there is no such thing as a jaywalker in most countries, just pedestrians and instead of making crossing the road an offense we use a thing called common sense. NB: Crossing a motorway is an offense in most countries.

Any vehicle operating worldwide, including self driving vehicles, needs to know how to sensibly and safely deal with pedestrians on the road.

Re:Corrected Headline

By bloodhawk • Score: 5, Insightful • Thread
My mother has been hit by other drivers in her car many times above normal too. Though if you go for a drive with her you will quickly realize why. She is erratic, sometimes overly cautious to the point of dangerous (stops on a roundabout or where she has right of way) and does last minute changes of direction. It scares the crap out of me being in a car when she drives as it feels like she is just begging other people to hit her. So just because you were being hit doesn't mean you aren't a major part of the problem

Walmart Reaches Settlement With Tesla Over Solar Panel Fires, Drops Lawsuit

Posted by BeauHDView on SlashDotShareable Link
Walmart has dropped a lawsuit that accused Tesla of breach of contract and gross negligence after rooftop solar panel systems on seven of the retailer's stores allegedly caught fire. TechCrunch reports: A settlement has been reached and stipulation of dismissal has been filed with the court, a Walmart spokesperson said in an email. It is unclear what the settlement entails. TechCrunch has requested more information and will update the article if new details emerge. The two companies issued a joint release Tuesday announcing that the issues raised by Walmart have been resolved. "Safety is a top priority for each company and with the concerns being addressed, we both look forward to a safe re-energization of our sustainable energy systems," the emailed statement reads.

Walmart said it sued Tesla after years of gross negligence and failure to live up to industry standards by Tesla, according to court documents. Walmart asked Tesla to remove solar panels from all 240 locations where they have been installed, as well as pay for damages related to fires that the retailer alleges stem from the panels. The lawsuit points to several fires on the retailer's rooftops that allegedly stem from Tesla solar panels.

Installed by Solar City, not Tesla

By jfdavis668 • Score: 5, Interesting • Thread
These Walmart installations were done by Solar City prior to their purchase by Tesla. Yes, Tesla is now responsible, but they did not do the initial installation.

Re: Installed by Solar City, not Tesla

By viperidaenz • Score: 5, Informative • Thread

Yes, however Elon Musk was the largest shareholder and chairman of SolarCity before the acquisition and the company was run by his cousins.

Improve the world

By jfdavis668 • Score: 4, Funny • Thread
Since the stated goal of both Tesla and Solar City is to improve the world, maybe burning down Walmarts was a means to an end.

AT&T Users Whose 'Unlimited Data' Was Throttled Get $60 Million In Refunds

Posted by BeauHDView on SlashDotShareable Link
After dragging out the case for five years, AT&T has finally agreed to pay $60 million back to customers for throttling mobile data plans advertised as "unlimited." Ars Technica reports: The FTC, which sued AT&T in 2014, announced the settlement today. The deal ends a long saga in which AT&T unsuccessfully tried to cripple the FTC's regulatory authority over telecoms. A court loss last year basically forced AT&T to settle the case. "AT&T promised unlimited data -- without qualification -- and failed to deliver on that promise," FTC Bureau of Consumer Protection Director Andrew Smith said in the announcement. "While it seems obvious, it bears repeating that Internet providers must tell people about any restrictions on the speed or amount of data promised."

Under the settlement, AT&T did not admit or deny any of the allegations made by the FTC. AT&T's current and former customers who were affected by the throttling won't have to do anything to get their refunds, according to the FTC. The commission said: "The $60 million paid by AT&T as part of the settlement will be deposited into a fund that the company will use to provide partial refunds to both current and former customers who had originally signed up for unlimited plans prior to 2011 but were throttled by AT&T. Affected consumers will not be required to submit a claim for the refunds. Current AT&T customers will automatically receive a credit to their bills while former customers will receive checks for the refund amount they are owed."
"AT&T must pay the $60 million within seven days after the settlement is approved by the US District Court for the Northern District of California," adds Ars. "AT&T would have to identify each eligible consumer within 30 days and give bill credits and refund checks to existing and former customers within 90 days. If there is any leftover money, it must be paid to the FTC, which would try to provide further relief to customers."

Don't hold your breath

By Koby77 • Score: 5, Insightful • Thread
Wait, don't tell me.... this going to be like that Equifax settlement where everyone could get back $150 in THEORY, but in reality they're going to give everyone $0.

Wow I get a whole 25 cents back!

By WindowsStar • Score: 5, Insightful • Thread

After lawyers fees, court fees, finders fees, admin fees, and stupid settlement amounts, I get 25 cents back. Why not make it lawyer's get a flat fee, and the customer gets $10,000 each so that it hurts AT&T so they NEVER do something like it again!

In related news ...

By fahrbot-bot • Score: 3 • Thread
All AT&T customers notice new fee on their monthly bill: Lawsuit recovery fee: $1.57

I want them to admit fault

By MobyDisk • Score: 3 • Thread

I'm tired of these settlements and verdicts where, 5 years afterward, the company pays a fine and doesn't admit anything. It is blatently obvious to anyone on the planet that these companies violated their "unlimited" promises time and time again. It did not need to take 5 years for a lack-of-admission-of-guilt result. How many other companies have done this during that time, or continue to do so? Instead of all that, just fire the guy who said "throttle the unlimited plan" within 1 year of the case starting, and lets move on. Heck, I bet most of the people getting a refund would trade it for a billiboard over the interstate with his/her picture saying "I'm the a$$ hole who throttled your internet, don't ever hire me."

Enjoy your $5 gift certificate

By Malays Boweman • Score: 3 • Thread
..if you even get that. These little dink penalties are literally factored in by these companies as a business expense. Maybe when companies are brought to the brink of bankrupcy by the penalty, and execs are facing a lot of quality time sharing a cell with Bubba, it will make a real impact in stopping this behavior. In the meantime, enjoy your $5 gift certificate.

An Energy Breakthrough Could Store Solar Power For Decades

Posted by BeauHDView on SlashDotShareable Link
An anonymous reader quotes a report from Bloomberg: Scientists at Chalmers University of Technology in Gothenburg have figured out how to harness the energy and keep it in reserve so it can be released on demand in the form of heat -- even decades after it was captured. The innovations include an energy-trapping molecule, a storage system that promises to outperform traditional batteries, at least when it comes to heating, and an energy-storing laminate coating that can be applied to windows and textiles. The breakthroughs, from a team led by researcher Kasper Moth-Poulsen, have garnered praise within the scientific community. Now comes the real test: whether Moth-Poulsen can get investors to back his technology and take it to market.

The system starts with a liquid molecule made up of carbon, hydrogen, and nitrogen. When hit by sunlight, the molecule draws in the sun's energy and holds it until a catalyst triggers its release as heat. The researchers spent almost a decade and $2.5 million to create a specialized storage unit, which Moth-Poulsen, a 40-year-old professor in the department of chemistry and chemical engineering, says has the stability to outlast the 5-to 10-year life span of typical lithium-ion batteries on the market today. The most advanced potential commercial use the team developed is a transparent coating that can be applied to home windows, a moving vehicle, or even clothing. The coating collects solar energy and releases heat, reducing electricity required for heating spaces and curbing carbon emissions. Moth-Poulsen is coating an entire building on campus to showcase the technology. The ideal use in the early going, he says, is in relatively small spaces. "This could be heating of electrical vehicles or in houses."
Moth-Poulsen believes there's potential for the system to produce electricity, but his team is focused for now on heating.

"Moth-Poulsen plans to spin off a company that would advance the technology and says he's in talks with venture capital investors," adds Bloomberg. "The storage unit could be commercially available in as little as six years and the coating in three, pending the $5 million of additional funding he estimates will be needed to bring the coating to market."

Re:Energy Density

By sit1963nz • Score: 5, Interesting • Thread
Yes,as soon as I hit post I realise my error. However, what is the energy density compared to a lithium cell (which can also release that energy rapidly)
How many cycles will it last ?
Can you partially release the energy, or once the catalyst is applied does it trigger a full discharge ?
What is the method of repeatedly applying the catalyst ?
What is the cost per joule of energy stored ?
Do normal airborne contaminants degrade the performance ?
Toxicity ?

Lots and lots of questions need to be answered.

Needs a catalyst?

By Fly Swatter • Score: 3 • Thread
Is this like the reaction you get with 2 part epoxy and it gets warm? I don't see where the summary says this is reusable, just that it can store energy for 5-10 years. I will assume it is reusable otherwise it would be a big scam :D

So you use it on your windows, and when it gets cold inside you just spray the catalyst on the coated windows? No thanks?

Re: Link to the paper?

By PPH • Score: 5, Insightful • Thread

Some C, some H and some N. I've just created an explosive. Stores energy for decades. Still working on controlling the rate of release.

Paper and numbers

By joe_frisch • Score: 3 • Thread

I think this is it
https://pubs.rsc.org/en/conten...

Looks like solar photons can trigger a chemical change that ends up storing energy with about 50% efficiency - of the input photon energy fig 1. Solar cells typically to better. (note that this 50% applies to photons of exactly the right energy. Photon energy above that is not stored. Photons with lower energy do not generate energy storage).

The real efficiency seems to be more like 1%, presumably since there are many other absorption mechanisms. So its like a 1% efficient solar cell. they say that the waste energy can be used for water heating, but that is true of normal solar as well - which can have ~20% efficiency to electricity.

The output of this is thermal not electrical, higher entropy and less useful. (remember an electrically driven heat pump heater can produce more than 1J of heat per input J of energy because it is removing some heat from the environment (for once Carnot is your friend).

Costs? Saying its inexpensive elements is absurd. Carbon is inexpensive, but diamond is not. Is norbornadiene–quadricyclanesystem, that cheaper per Joule than Lithium batteries? Maybe, but I don't see pricing anywhere. Its a fairly complex organic molecule, so its not clear if it can be manufactured in bulk cheaply.

At this efficiency though, electric -> hydrogen is still more efficient. (hydrogen isn't great, but a solar -> hydrogen storage -> electricity is still probably >5%. (compared with 1% here).

Sorry, I just don't see it. Its a very interesting bit of chemistry and it may make sense to fund it based on that, but I just don't see how it can be part of a practical energy system.

A Tree ?

By dbateman • Score: 4, Insightful • Thread

Doesn't a tree already do this ? In fact if the tree is fossilised into coal it can store the energy for millions of years and all of this based on the use of the molecule CO2

D.

Facebook Says 100 Software Developers May Have Improperly Accessed User Data

Posted by BeauHDView on SlashDotShareable Link
Facebook on Tuesday said that as many as 100 software developers may have improperly accessed user data, including the names and profile pictures of people in specific groups on the social network. CNBC reports: The company recently discovered that some apps retained access to this type of user data despite making changes to its service in April 2018 to prevent this, Facebook said in a blog post. The company said it has removed this access and reached out to 100 developer partners who may have accessed the information. Facebook said that at least 11 developer partners accessed this type of data in the last 60 days.

"Although we've seen no evidence of abuse, we will ask them to delete any member data they may have retained and we will conduct audits to confirm that it has been deleted," the company said in the blog post. The company did not say how many users were affected.

More than one-hundred

By Chromal • Score: 5, Insightful • Thread
When you get right down to it, all 2nd- and 3rd-party data access at Facebook is improper, and so I suspect the number is just a bit higher than one-hundred individuals performing infraction and exfiltration of private user data.

Fuck the system

By AndyKron • Score: 3 • Thread
Developers improperly accessed user data? You're kidding. Really? What prize do they get?

In response ...

By fahrbot-bot • Score: 4, Insightful • Thread
... Facebook has decided to utilize the developer's skills and moved them to the "Improper Data Access Team."

The Original Google Pixel Will Get One Final Update In December

Posted by BeauHDView on SlashDotShareable Link
Google has confirmed to The Verge that it will release "one final software update" next month for the original Google Pixel and Pixel XL. From the report: As of yesterday, it looked like the original Pixel was done getting updates, as Google released its November security update for most Pixel phones, but nothing for the Pixel or Pixel XL. Google tells The Verge that the Pixels won't get that November update, but it says December's "encapsulates a variety of updates" from the November and December updates that were issued for other Pixels.

It wasn't too surprising to see that Google's original Pixels didn't get yesterday's update. When Google announced the phones in 2016, the company said they would get two years of guaranteed Android version updates and three years of security updates, which is also reflected on Google's support page. That said, Google surprised Pixel owners earlier this year by letting them run Android 10, which is one more year of Android than Google originally promised, and now, they have one final update to look forward to as well.

Iphone 6

By sit1963nz • Score: 3, Informative • Thread
The iPhone 6 was released in 2014 and can run the latest version of IOS

Googles support for their products sucks.

stopped years ago

By dwater • Score: 3 • Thread

I have an original Pixel and it stopped getting updates years ago. It wouldn't have bothered me so much but it was really quite good hardware and all my other devices of the era were still getting chrome updates, but that was impossible on the pixel. To me, this seemed like quite an inherent flaw with the whole platform, since the browser was so linked with the platform it is impossible to update.
I've now stopped using it, and given it to my mother to use. She seems happy enough, but I wonder about all the chrome security updates she's missing out on.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/...

T-Mobile Says It Owns Exclusive Rights To the Color Magenta

Posted by BeauHDView on SlashDotShareable Link
An anonymous reader quotes a report from AdAge: Startup insurance provider Lemonade is trying to make the best of a sour situation after T-Mobile parent Deutsche Telekom claimed it owns the exclusive rights to the color magenta. New York-based Lemonade is a 3-year-old company that lives completely online and mostly focuses on homeowners and renter's insurance. The company uses a similar color to magenta -- it says it's "pink" -- in its marketing materials and its website. But Lemonade was told by German courts that it must cease using its color after launching its services in that country, which is also home to T-Mobile owner Deutsche Telekom. Although the ruling only applies in Germany, Lemonade says it fears the decision will set a precedent and expand to other jurisdictions such as the U.S. or Europe.

"If some brainiac at Deutsche Telekom had invented the color, their possessiveness would make sense," Daniel Schreiber, CEO and co-founder of Lemonade, said in a statement. "Absent that, the company's actions just smack of corporate bully tactics, where legions of lawyers attempt to hog natural resources -- in this case a primary color -- that rightfully belong to everyone." A spokesman for Deutsche Telekom confirmed that it "asked the insurance company Lemonade to stop using the color magenta in the German market," while adding that the "T" in "Deutsche Telekom" is registered to the brand. "Deutsche Telekom respects everyone's trademark rights but expects others to do the same," the spokesman said in an emailed statement to Ad Age.
The report says Lemonade has complied with the ruling by removing its pink color from marketing materials in Germany. It's also trying to open up a larger discussion on the legal matter by using the hashtag "#FreeThePink," although it's gained little traction thus far.

Lemonade also filed a motion today with the European Union Intellectual Property Office, or EUIPO, to invalidate Deutsche Telekom's magenta trademark, and they released a color chart with which it asserts are the hues at issue.

2003 called

By bickerdyke • Score: 3 • Thread

2003 called. They want their news back: https://www.handelsblatt.com/u...

T-Mobile's claims are reasonable

By henni16 • Score: 3 • Thread
Trademarks are limited in scope;
I didn't see how Telekom/T-Mobile and an insurance company would clash in that regard and since I had never heard of Lemonade insurance before, I did a quick Google search.

Apparently Lemonade's product is an insurance smartphone app.
If you look at the Google image results, their ads usually feature a giant smartphone and use pink as the only non-grayscale color, which makes it stand out a lot.

If T-Mobile holds trademarks for all kinds of cellphone-related crap making heavy use of magenta, I'm not surprised that they had a problem with an app's ads looking like this:
https://i.ytimg.com/vi/flSLI2JmWVE/default.jpg
That ad could easily be mistaken for an ad or an app endorsed by T-Mobile.

Re:Not even the same shade

By PPH • Score: 4, Funny • Thread

What if my PC only supports 4 bit colors?

Re:Gambit

By Anonymous Coward • Score: 5, Interesting • Thread
Dude, Disney needed their lawyers on the set of Oz the Great and Powerful to make sure that the Wicked Witch of the West was a legally-safe shade of green. I'm sure that T-Mobile considers this very legally worthy.

OP is silly. Magenta is the omission of a color!

By BAReFO0t • Score: 5, Informative • Thread

It is light with green omitted. OP just parroted a popular snobist meme to feel smug, which is based on the fallacy that color can only be one frequency, when all natural light is always a complex spectrum.Magenta is just the inverse of green. Not a band pass, but a band gap.

One Bitcoin 'Whale' May Have Fueled the Currency's Price Spike in 2017

Posted by msmashView on SlashDotShareable Link
A single Bitcoin holder -- called a "whale" in cryptocurrency parlance -- likely manipulated the market and helped fuel the big rise in Bitcoin's price in 2017, according to researchers. That year, Bitcoin's price jumped from under $1,000 in January to more than $19,000 in December. From a report: Last year, University of Texas professor John Griffin and Amin Shams, an instructor at Ohio State University, published controversial research concluding that in 2017 just a few big players used the stablecoin Tether to prop up the price of Bitcoin following market downturns. Griffin and Shams now tell Bloomberg that just a single whale was likely behind the behavior. They say that one entity on Bitfinex, a popular cryptocurrency headquartered in Hong Kong, appears able to push the price of Bitcoin up when it falls below certain thresholds. Griffin and Shams studied Bitcoin and Tether transactions from March 1, 2017, to March 31, 2018. They found that Bitcoin purchases on Bitfinex increased whenever the price dropped by certain increments. According to Bloomberg, which saw a prepublication version of a paper set to be published in the Journal of Finance, the authors conclude: "This pattern is only present in periods following the printing of Tether, driven by a single large account holder, and not observed by other exchanges."

Shocking!

By drew_kime • Score: 4, Insightful • Thread
A virtual currency is being manipulated? I'm shocked! Shocked I say!

Thanks!

By EvilSS • Score: 4, Informative • Thread
Well, whoever you are, thanks! I managed to pull in about $2K mining shitcoins on my gaming PCs from December 2017 to March 2018, not to mention saving a few bucks on my heating* during a particularly cold winter.



*propane auxiliary heating (heat pump won't kick on under 32F), which if you never had the "pleasure", is a fucking rip-off. Screw you Hank Hill.

We Should Be Happier To Have A Job Than To Have Sa

By slashways • Score: 3 • Thread
Christine Lagarde: "We Should Be Happier To Have A Job Than To Have Savings"

The Euro is doomed to be a simple means of exchange (MoE). Bitcoin as the only digital asset with true scarcity, will be our store of value!

yeah that bitcoin whale is called

By etash • Score: 3 • Thread
...bitfinex. they need to keep it from crashing so that they can lure new victims. and they do it with tethers.

Samsung Shutting Down Custom CPU Division in the US

Posted by msmashView on SlashDotShareable Link
Samsung's Exynos flagship processors have been a mainstay for years now, and they've mostly featured Samsung's Mongoose custom CPU cores. Unfortunately, the Korean brand is now shutting down its custom CPU division. From a report: Samsung filed a Worker Adjustment and Retraining (WARN) letter in Texas, according to The Statesman, notifying the state that 290 employees will be laid off as part of its CPU unit being shut down. The layoffs reportedly go into effect from December 31. The Korean manufacturer confirmed the news to Android Authority, while also explaining the reasoning behind the decision. "Based upon a thorough assessment of our System LSI [large scale integration - ed] business and the need to stay competitive in the global market, Samsung has decided to transition part of our U.S.-based R&D teams in Austin and San Jose," the company told us in a statement, adding that it remained committed to its US workforce.

Transition To Where?

By yeshuawatso • Score: 4, Insightful • Thread

All that's mentioned is to "transition" from Austin and San Jose, but they don't say where exactly they're transitioning these jobs to. My guess is to China or SK, or maybe to a trash bin?

Samsungs S-2 14nm line?

By Rockoon • Score: 5, Informative • Thread
Their fab in Texas, which is 14nm, and can litho about 1.1 million wafers/year.
There Giheung fab in South Korea, which is 14nm, can litho about 0.744 million wafers/year.

Their Pyeongtaek fab in South Korea newly opened in 2017, is also 14nm, and can run 5.4 million wafers/year.

Read between the lines a bit and its plain as day that the Pyeongtaek fab is a consolidation of there 14nm production into one place. So these jobs arent "being moved" so much as they are being "phased out" as demand for 14nm declines.

Hardly...

By YuppieScum • Score: 4, Insightful • Thread

off-shoring, when the company is actually from South Korea.

This is more likely an on-shoring exercise in order to by-pass the US government's seemingly-random embargoes and tariffs...

RISC-V guys take note?

By ctilsie242 • Score: 3 • Thread

Wish the RISC-V people could take these CPU designers in.

Re:Lots of companies

By drinkypoo • Score: 5, Informative • Thread

I remember when AMD made their 29000 series 'bit slice' processors before they just became a clone shop.

AMD produced the 29000 through 1995.

The K5 (1995) was an original design, which was internally RISCy.

The K6 (1997) was an original design, which was not only internally RISCy, but which was faster clock-for-clock than a Pentium 2 if you optimized for it.

The K7 (1999) was also an original design, and wiped the floor with Intel in every way except sales figures.

K8 (2003) changed PC computing so much that Intel was forced to adopt AMD's instruction set.

When exactly was AMD was a straight clone shop? AFAICT, the answer is never.

Little-known Companies Are Amassing Your Data and Selling the Analysis To Clients

Posted by msmashView on SlashDotShareable Link
As consumers, we all have "secret scores": hidden ratings that determine how long each of us waits on hold when calling a business, whether we can return items at a store, and what type of service we receive. A low score sends you to the back of the queue; high scores get you elite treatment. From a report: Every so often, journalists lament these systems' inaccessibility. They're "largely invisible to the public," The New York Times wrote in 2012. "Most people have no inkling they even exist," The Wall Street Journal said in 2018. Most recently, in April, The Journal's Christopher Mims looked at a company called Sift, whose proprietary scoring system tracks 16,000 factors for companies like Airbnb and OkCupid. "Sift judges whether or not you can be trusted," he wrote, "yet there's no file with your name that it can produce upon request." As of this summer, though, Sift does have a file on you, which it can produce upon request. I got mine, and I found it shocking: More than 400 pages long, it contained all the messages I'd ever sent to hosts on Airbnb; years of Yelp delivery orders; a log of every time I'd opened the Coinbase app on my iPhone. Many entries included detailed information about the device I used to do these things, including my IP address at the time.

Sift knew, for example, that I'd used my iPhone to order chicken tikka masala, vegetable samosas and garlic naan on a Saturday night in April three years ago. It knew I used my Apple laptop to sign into Coinbase in January 2017 to change my password. Sift knew about a nightmare Thanksgiving I had in California's wine country, as captured in my messages to the Airbnb host of a rental called "Cloud 9." This may sound somewhat comical, but the companies gathering and paying for this data find it extremely valuable for rooting out fraud and increasing the revenue they can collect from big spenders. Sift has this data because the company has been hired by Airbnb, Yelp, and Coinbase to identify stolen credit cards and help spot identity thieves and abusive behavior. Still, the fact that obscure companies are accumulating information about years of our online and offline behavior is unsettling, and at a minimum it creates the potential for abuse or discrimination -- particularly when those companies decide we don't stack up.

Broken record.

By RightSaidFred99 • Score: 3 • Thread

At this point all of this is just a broken record. How many more breathless articles do we need to know that everything we do involving any sort of electronic transaction is tracked and potentially logged and analyzed by someone?

I will save the next poster of such articles some time - anything you do involving a computer is probably logged, tracked, and analyzed by one or more third parties including but not limited to the party or parties directly tied to the transaction.

This is 100% true, you should assume it's always true. You should assume your phone or smartwatch knows your location and even possibly how excited you were by your heart rate. You should assume your Tivo (or these days, whatever streaming service) thinks you're gay (this is a reference to the old humorous article "My Tivo Thinks I'm Gay"). You should assume your facial data is available to multiple parties, etc..

I'm not saying you should accept as good these things, just that they are true and inevitable.

Read the article, it says how to...

By zenman64 • Score: 5, Informative • Thread
Sift, which determines consumer trustworthiness, asks you to email privacy@sift.com. (An earlier version of this article contained a link to an online form; the company disabled the page after receiving thousands of submissions.) Zeta Global, which identifies people with a lot of money to spend, lets you request your data via an online form. Retail Equation, which helps companies such as Best Buy and Sephora decide whether to accept or reject a product return, will send you a report if you email returnactivityreport@theretailequation.com. Riskified, which develops fraud scores, will tell you what data it has gathered on your possible crookedness if you contact privacy@riskified.com. Kustomer, a database company that provides what it calls “unprecedented insight into a customer’s past experiences and current sentiment,” tells people to email privacy@kustomer.com.

Re:Broken record.

By ljw1004 • Score: 5, Insightful • Thread

anything you do involving a computer is probably logged, tracked, and analyzed by one or more third parties including but not limited to the party or parties directly tied to the transaction. I'm not saying you should accept as good these things, just that they are true and inevitable.

I think the nature and quantity of these third parties is way different in the EU under the GDPR than it is in the US. So I don't believe the "inevitability" of it. I think there's an opportunity for public disquiet to translate into political will. And one of the the engines of that disquiet is a steady stream of more of these stories.

Trump CTO Addresses AI, Facial Recognition, Immigration, Tech Infrastructure, and More

Posted by msmashView on SlashDotShareable Link
Tekla Perry writes: Michael Kratsios, the fourth U.S. Chief Technology Officer, explains administration policies at the Fall Conference of the Stanford Institute for Human-Centered Artificial Intelligence -- and takes some tough questions from the audience. An exchange between Kratsios and Stanford's Eileen Donahoe hit on current hot topics, starting with the tension between the U.S. and China: Donahoe: "You talk a lot about unique U.S. ecosystem. In which aspect of AI is the U.S. dominant, and where is China challenging us in dominance?
Kratsios: "They are challenging us on machine vision. They have more data to work with, given that they have surveillance data."
Donahoe: "To what extent would you say the quantity of data collected and available will be a determining factor in AI dominance?"
Kratsios: "It makes a big difference in the short term. But we do research on how we get over these data humps. There is a future where you don't need as much data, a lot of federal grants are going to [research in] how you can train models using less data."

Donahoe turned the conversation to a different tension -- that between innovation and values.

Donahoe: "A lot of conversation yesterday was about the tension between innovation and values, and how do you hold those things together and lead in both realms."
Kratsios: "We recognized that the U.S. hadn't signed on to principles around developing AI. In May, we signed [the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development Principles on Artificial Intelligence], coming together with other Western democracies to say that these are values that we hold dear.
[Meanwhile,] we have adversaries around the world using AI to surveil people, to suppress human rights. That is why American leadership is so critical: We want to come out with the next great product. And we want our values to underpin the use cases."

A member of the audience pushed further:

"Maintaining U.S. leadership in AI might have costs in terms of individuals and society. What costs should individuals and society bear to maintain leadership?" Kratsios: "I don't view the world that way. Our companies big and small do not hesitate to talk about the values that underpin their technology. [That is] markedly different from the way our adversaries think. The alternatives are so dire [that we] need to push efforts to bake the values that we hold dear into this technology."

A CTO with no technology knowledget

By greatpatton • Score: 5, Insightful • Thread
Trump is the king to nominate people that have no clue (or no more than him), between the CSO Giuliani that don't even know how a phone works and a CTO with a degree in political science and Hellenistic studies, you can see how bad this administration is...

Surveillance ...

By sit1963nz • Score: 4, Insightful • Thread
Surveillance is only one aspect of machine vision, yet it seems like it is the only one the government cares about...why ?

What about for quality control in manufacturing ?
What about for medical uses ?
What about for self driving cars ?
What about for agriculture, spotting disease , pest control , water management ?

Re:Values?

By DickBreath • Score: 5, Interesting • Thread
Something interesting I see. What was once called "common decency" is now called "virtue signalling".

Alcohol Breath Tests, a Linchpin of the Criminal Justice System, Are Often Unreliable

Posted by msmashView on SlashDotShareable Link
A million Americans a year are arrested for drunken driving, and most stops begin the same way: flashing blue lights in the rearview mirror, then a battery of tests that might include standing on one foot or reciting the alphabet. What matters most, though, happens next. From a report: By the side of the road or at the police station, the drivers blow into a miniature science lab that estimates the concentration of alcohol in their blood. If the level is 0.08 or higher, they are all but certain to be convicted of a crime. But those tests -- a bedrock of the criminal justice system -- are often unreliable, a New York Times investigation found. The devices, found in virtually every police station in America, generate skewed results with alarming frequency, even though they are marketed as precise to the third decimal place. Judges in Massachusetts and New Jersey have thrown out more than 30,000 breath tests in the past 12 months alone, largely because of human errors and lax governmental oversight. Across the country, thousands of other tests also have been invalidated in recent years. The machines are sensitive scientific instruments, and in many cases they haven't been properly calibrated, yielding results that were at times 40 percent too high. Maintaining machines is up to police departments that sometimes have shoddy standards and lack expertise. In some cities, lab officials have used stale or home-brewed chemical solutions that warped results. In Massachusetts, officers used a machine with rats nesting inside.

Re:Speed measurements as well

By PolygamousRanchKid • Score: 5, Interesting • Thread

The chief had no idea when the gun had been calibrated either, but he aimed it at a tree to test.

This could be done with Alcohol Breath Tests, as well. Just ask the policeman to blow into the machine too. Since policemen never drink while on duty, it must read 0.00. If it reads more, just subtract his level from yours.

I used to design breathalysers

By labnet • Score: 5, Informative • Thread

There are two types of breathalysers used by law enforcement.
The hand held units are normally platinum based catalytic cell.
When you blow, a flow meter makes sure you have blown at least 1 litre of air, it then uses a bellows pump to take a few ml of sample into the reaction cell. The cell takes a few seconds before it reaches a peak and generally you integrate the result. One side effect of this, is high readings force you to stop taking further samples for up to several minutes as the previous samples takes a while to complete the reaction.
Police evidentiary units are normally infrared analysers that have a reference gas. Before blowing, the unit performs a black level cal, then measures the reference gas, then takes the specimen. The printed docket will display both the cal gas and user BAC level.
Note it takes a bit of expertise to make an accurate cal gas.

So at least in Australia, we don’t hear about evidentiary samples being thrown out, because they can’t use the road side unit, but have to use an evidentary unit for court enforceable testing.

Re:Alternatives?

By DarkOx • Score: 4, Interesting • Thread

I said the same thing; but my the folks I was talking to said this.

Its supporting evidence but its evidence you can challenge a lot easier than a specific over the statutory limit reading. You can bring in your own experts to testify how 'unlikely' it is your BAC could have been more than .08 however much time before that, etc. Again this isn't about "getting off", you already accepting a suspended license is in your future.

This about avoiding the criminal charge. Just back making the cops wake a magistrate to approve a blood test and going thru all those motions you have shown to the prosecutor you will probably fight him; so if those numbers grant you any leeway at all they might just be interested enough to avoid all that and looking stupid and let you plea down to some civil offense like "distracted driving" in addition to your suspended license. The goal at this point isn't to evade direct punishment its make sure when someone does a background check on you in the future they don't see a DUI.

Just had my car stolen

By rsilvergun • Score: 4, Insightful • Thread
when I went to the police impound lot to get it back there was a women there. They pulled her over for drunk driving. She was a nurse in scrubs on her way home from work. She blew clean, so they arrested her and dragged her to a hospital for a blood draw. Also clean. They're still charging her with a DUI.

Why yes, she is black. Why do you ask?

Sorry, not sure if I was clear enough

By rsilvergun • Score: 4, Interesting • Thread
she didn't have a drop of alcohol in her system. Not. One. Drop. No medical conditions. No impairment. Nothing. She also had no signs of impairment.

What she did have was a slight Ebonics accent and a working class demeanor. And the aforementioned skin color.

If she can afford a good lawyer it'll get tossed. I didn't ask, but she's a nurse, so it's 50/50. Either way it'll cost her thousands to fight it. They'll drag her into court and try and get her to plead down to something. The cop gets an easy notch on his belt, makes quota (oops, I forgot, cops don't have quotas, they said so themselves).

And as a black woman facing a mostly white juror in America, well, she'll probably take the plea deal. Because if she just gets a bad jury she's off to prison for a year or two.

Africa Should Look To India For Digital Inspiration

Posted by msmashView on SlashDotShareable Link
Aubrey Hruby, a senior fellow at the Atlantic Council's Africa Center, writing at Financial Times: Africa's digital economy is still small in size compared with those of its global peers. But it has seen exponential growth over the past decade and now has the potential to redefine the continent's economies. [...] African governments and development finance institutions (DFIs) should look to India as a model and focus on critical infrastructure needs. This includes reducing the cost of data and increasing access to fixed line broadband, spurring corporate ventures in the tech ecosystem, and providing Africans with the skills they need to take part in this digital transformation. The lack of adequate access to the internet in most African countries boils down to the fact that mobile data is too expensive and fixed line broadband is too slow and not widely available. It costs Africans on average $7.04 or nearly 9 per cent of their monthly income for just 1GB of mobile data (enough to watch about three hours of low quality video on Netflix). That compares with just 3.5 per cent of monthly income in Latin American and 1.5 per cent in Asia.

There has been progress in some countries. In Nigeria, mobile data prices continue to drop following a decision by the Communications Commission in October 2015 to remove a floor on data prices, and increased competition among submarine cable companies. In India, competition among carriers played a critical role in lowering mobile data costs, which are now the cheapest in the world. Reliance Jo, a young telecom operator, is highly responsible for the shift, investing $35bn in a 4G network and offering free unlimited data trials to attract new customers. While some have criticised the company's practices and data prices may increase, the impact of private sector investment and competition has benefited average Indians. African governments should further liberalise their telecoms sectors and encourage competition to promote private investment in infrastructure that can be shared by providers. Regulators should track the cost of data as a measure of the healthiness of the industry.

Ahhhhh yes.

By Moryath • Score: 3, Insightful • Thread
So all those Nigerian princes who used to have just won the lottery and need someone to help get the money out of their country, can instead work in the call centers harassing me about my car's extended warranty, or pretend to be "the IRS" about to "launch an arrest of you" while faking their Caller ID?

lmftfy

By SirAstral • Score: 3 • Thread

"The lack of adequate access to the internet in most African countries boils down to the fact that..."

Their governments are corrupt and spend more time begging the world for money, handouts, free things, and occasionally destroying their economies in attempts to get rid of evil white people than say... doing their jobs and trying to make their countries a better place to live, become more self sufficient and viable.

But hey... lets not blame the real source of the problem though... that's just not in vogue these days.

Re:lmftfy

By alvinrod • Score: 5, Insightful • Thread
Even if several of their governments weren't horribly corrupt, many of those countries face other problems that have created a vicious cycle that it's practically impossible to escape without some outside intervention. One example is the prevalence of HIV or other similarly deadly diseases such that one-fifth or more of the population is infected. It's hard to build up and invest in human capital when the likelihood of dying young is so high.

Another problem is that the western world keeps dumping so much "free" stuff on some of these countries that it kills local industries that would otherwise try to produce those products. I think one of the best charities I've seen donated goats instead of shoes, clothes, etc. The goat could produce milk (source of protein that many people in this countries lack) and excess could be sold for additional income. If the west wanted to help Africa, we should spend $20 buying shoes from them instead of dumping our excess on them.

All that aside, even as bleak as things look, they're improving over time. Maybe not as fast as anyone would like them to be, but anyone expecting all of the world's problems to be sorted out shortly before lunchtime aren't being terribly realistic either.

A Glitch in Robinhood App is Allowing Users To Trade Stocks With Excess Borrowed Funds, Giving Them Access To What Amounts To Free Money

Posted by msmashView on SlashDotShareable Link
Dubbed the "infinite money cheat code" by users of Reddit's WallStreetBets forum, the bug is being exploited, according to users on the forum. One trader bragged about a $1 million position funded by a $4,000 deposit. From a report: Robinhood is "aware of the isolated situations and communicating directly with customers," spokesperson Lavinia Chirico said in an email response to questions. The Menlo Park, California-based money-management software designer touts trading "free from commission fees." Robinhood Gold customers are invited to "supercharge" their investing by paying $5 a month to trade on margin, or money borrowed from the company. Here's how the trade works. Users of Robinhood Gold are selling covered calls using money borrowed from Robinhood. Nothing wrong with that. The problem arises when Robinhood incorrectly adds the value of those calls to the user's own capital. And that means that the more money a user borrows, the more money Robinhood will lend them for future trading. One trader managed to turn his $2,000 deposit into $50,000 worth of purchasing power, which he used to buy Apple puts.

It isn't free money

By Shaitan • Score: 3 • Thread

Actually it works in a manner similar to banks and their interaction with the FED. How much they can borrow is a fraction of deposits but if the funds borrowed are deposited... rinse and repeat. At the end of the day the money still ultimately has to be paid back though, borrowing with extreme leverage means extreme swings in position and you can end with a negative balance... that you'd then have to pay back.

Re:This is why we can't have nice things.

By garyisabusyguy • Score: 4, Informative • Thread

Yes, anybody can review the history of the Stock Market Crash of 1929 and see that trading on margin had a huge influence on destabilizing the market.

Trading on margin creates a false sense of security and exposes people to a very steep downside:

Over the weekend, the events were covered by the newspapers across the United States. On October 28, "Black Monday", more investors facing margin calls decided to get out of the market, and the slide continued with a record loss in the Dow for the day of 38.33 points, or 13 percent.

Apple puts

By ebonum • Score: 5, Informative • Thread

Apple has been going up. If he bought Apple puts, they would have lost value - rapidly. Possible trade: He put up $2,000. He bought $50,000 in puts. "Robinhood Gold" settles the trade, takes possession of the puts and sends out $50,000. At this point, $50,000 is gone. The puts then go to zero (expire) or near zero. Someone has to eat that $48,000 in un-covered losses. If the client doesn't wire the money to "Robinhood Gold", "Robinhood Gold" is the broker and must make good on the trade. "Robinhood Gold" will likely pursue him for the full amount. Or perhaps the fellow bought mid-2020 puts. If Apple crashes out to $100 next month, he'll be a millionaire!
If a lot of people are doing this, it could potentially bankrupt "Robinhood Gold".

Re:Apple puts

By kamapuaa • Score: 5, Funny • Thread

I'm embarrassed to admit that sometimes I look at Reddit, and the guy doing Apple puts in fact did use his $2,000 stake to lose $50,000 in a matter of about two minutes. He was in his car at the time. You could tell from the screenshots that overall, he went from $50k to $100k in debt. His post history was classic problem gambler.

Re:In other words the same power as banks

By Aighearach • Score: 4, Interesting • Thread

The famous "British bankers PDF" release a number of years back explained it all clearly.

The reserve requirements are meaningless to banks. Deposits are not assets, they're liabilities. Outstanding loans are not liabilities, those are assets. Overall there is an excess of deposits compared to loans. The rules of the system are written to make it appear that loans are limited by deposits, but because banks holding deposits can trade the reserve value of those deposits to other banks, there isn't any shortage of reserve deposits. That means that the deposits held don't actually present any limit on loans. Instead, the limiting factor is merely how many loans they can get borrowers to accept!

You're imagining shady "off-balance" transactions where there isn't even any need for them to cheat. They can trade reserve requirements above the board, they don't have to sneak around to do that. They already have "unlimited" amounts of available leverage, because of the design of the financial markets. They simply write the rules to be phrased as if the bottleneck is inverted. There is a surplus of liquid assets available to borrow, and there is a shortage of people willing to take on all the available risk associated with borrowing it. This is exactly why "sub-prime loans" are something that the industry is perpetually at risk of issuing too many of! If loans were limited by reserves, the banks would naturally be highly averse to sub-prime loans. It is only because there is a surplus of deposits that there is a surplus of available credit and the naturally resulting moral hazard and credit boom/bust cycles.

There is absolutely no need for regulatory capture here, either, because the purpose of the regulators is not to limit the financial industry but to assist it. When a regulatory body's job is some sort of law or rules enforcement, then regulatory capture is a concern. But not all government agencies are intended as enforcers. Here, the regulatory body is intended to be a supporting player in the market. You don't try to "capture" people who are already on your team. The Federal Reserve is only trying to limit the banks in ways that actually help to keep the banks from hurting themselves. And they try to limit the damage the banks do to others to the amounts covered by insurance, which of course helps the banks avoid liability for what harm they do.

Don't Reboot Your Computer After You've Been Infected With Ransomware, Experts Say

Posted by msmashView on SlashDotShareable Link
Security experts don't recommend that users reboot their computers after suffering a ransomware infection, as this could help the malware in certain circumstances. From a report: Instead, experts recommend that victims power down the computer, disconnect it from their network, and reach out to a professional IT support firm. Experts are recommending against PC reboots because a recent survey of 1,180 US adults who fell victim to ransomware in the past years has shown that almost 30% of victims chose to reboot their computers as a way to deal with the infection. But while rebooting in safe mode is a good way of removing older screenlocker types of ransomware, it is not recommended when dealing with modern ransomware versions that encrypt files.

"Generally, the [ransomware] executable that actually encrypts your data is designed to crawl through attached, mapped and mounted drives to a given machine. Sometimes it trips, or is blocked by a permission issue and will stop encrypting," Bill Siegel, CEO & Co-Founder of Coveware, a company that provides ransomware data recovery services told ZDNet in an email this week. "If you reboot the machine, it will start back up and try to finish the job," Siegel said.

Time To Retrain The Helpdesk

By Thelasko • Score: 3 • Thread
We all know the first thing they will tell people to do.

...or just say "Shibboleet"

Also: Stop downloading porn

By Dallas May • Score: 3 • Thread

Don't download porn and drop your personal Ransomware risk to nearly zero.

Re:Bad advice

By BringsApples • Score: 4, Insightful • Thread

I know, from experience, that backups/fail-overs are the most important aspects of IT today. If you're not doing that, or making sure that it gets done, DAILY, then you hardly count as an IT person.

You'll spend 100x as long fighting malware/viri than you will restoring a backup.

Hibernate, because the key is in memory!

By raymorris • Score: 5, Informative • Thread

> Let's face it if you're dumb enough to be infected with ransomware, you're too dumb to stop it anyway.

True 99.9% of the time. Also, if you're breathing, there is a 99.9% certainty that you aren't a ransomware expert.

If you have perfect backups, such that the ransomware wasn't able to encrypt your backups, you're in good shape. Pull, the plug, wipe the machine. Check which ia the latest un-infected backup and off you go.

If you DON'T have suitable backups, it's a very delicate situation. If the ransomware is actively running, two facts are true:
The situation is getting worse
The key needed to decrypt your files is in your computer's RAM!

Ransomware can use asymmetric cryptography to encrypt the key on disk, but the actual files are encrypted using symmetric cryptography. That means the key being used to encrypt them is the same key you need to decrypt them. You are everything needed to decrypt your files, other than the expertise.

If you pull the network cable and then hibernate the machine (suspend to disk), that will save the all-important key, while stopping the encryption process. I can then mount the drive in my forensic machine, grab the key from the RAM image, and decrypt your files.

In the worst case, if for some reason I can't get the key, you've saves any files that weren't encrypted yet and preserved all of the information about which processes were running, etc so that an expert can work with it.

So bottom line:
Remove the network cable
Hibernate (suspend to disk)
Call an expert

Suppose the files aren't that valuable and you're broke, so you decide not to call an expert. There are free and easy to use tools available for some types of ransomware. Make a disk image of the infected disk. Then try the tool on the extra image you made. Do not try the tool against the original disk, because you could easily lose all of your data. All data recovery work is always done against a disk image, an extra copy of the drive.

Re:Also: Stop downloading porn

By nuckfuts • Score: 4, Informative • Thread
I've dealt with 4 incidences of ransomware infection for clients. None had anything to do with downloading porn. Two were due to unpatched (exposed) vulnerabilities. Two were the result of compromised passwords, which made me something of an evangelist for two-factor authentication.

German Government Expands Subsidies For Electric Cars

Posted by msmashView on SlashDotShareable Link
The German government and car industry have agreed to increase joint subsidies for the purchase of electric cars on the same day automobile giant Volkswagen began production of a new all-electric vehicle. From a report: The agreement between the government and the automobile industry was reached following a Monday evening "car summit" aimed at fostering the mass production of cleaner transportation. Under the agreement, consumer subsidies for electric cars costing less than $44,500 will increase to about $6,700 from from $4,400. Purchasers of plug-in hybrids in this price range would be given a subsidy of $5,000, up from $3,320. For electric cars over $44,500, there will be an increase in the subsidy by 25%. Industry and government will evenly split the cost of the subsidies. The subsidies will also be extended from the end of 2020 to the end of 2025. In addition to the subsidy issue, the two sides discussed ways to expand infrastructure for electric cars.

Re:Tax the people, to subsidize the rich's sports

By Rockoon • Score: 4, Insightful • Thread

So let me get this straight... We're going to tax all the working class people who can barely afford a brand new car, let alone an expensive electric car, so that we can pay subsidies to rich people buying expensive electric cars.

Yep. Also, tax the people that didnt go to college to subsidize those that did, tax those that saved for their retirement to subsidize those that didn't, tax those that live in sustainable rural environments to subsidize those that don't, and so on.

The theme is: Tax the responsible to pay for the irresponsible.

Re:Can someone from Germany explain

By AmiMoJo • Score: 5, Insightful • Thread

Fossil cars aren't economically viable, they have to be heavily subsidised by other people. It's just much harder to measure the value of the subsidy because it's distributed. Healthcare, cleaning, climate change mitigation, pollution etc.

Re:Can someone from Germany explain

By LynnwoodRooster • Score: 5, Informative • Thread
My understanding is that it allows a "double dip" - it reduces your gross profit, AND you get to take a tax credit against net profits. So if your company made $1,000,000 in revenue, and you made $500,000 in gross profit, a $10,000 subsidy would mean your gross profit was $490,000. If the tax rate was 20%, you would normally pay $98,000 in taxes on that profit. But thanks to the subsidy, you also get to count it against tax payments, so that means you only pay $88,000 in taxes. So effectively it's a tax cut - twice - for the industry.

Re:Can someone from Germany explain

By Freischutz • Score: 5, Insightful • Thread

How does splitting the subsidy work? I guess there must be some benefit to the manufacturer doing it this way rather than just dropping the list price by a few thousand Euro.

The VW diesel scandal was something of a wake up call to the German government. They finally realized that 'green diesel' was a steaming pile of bullshit and that the German car giants who are already playing a game of catch-up with Tesla would be playing catch-up with the entire industry if nothing was done. So, now the the German car giants are being dragged, kicking and screaming in protest, into the EV market at least a bit ahead of the S-curve before the traditional combustion engine goes the way of the dinosaurs. How are they benefiting from this? For one thing German car companies are getting the transition to electric vehicles and the re-tooling of their factories subsidized by the taxpayer while more libertarian countries are still waiting for market forces to kick their manufacturers in the ass and the faction of the US ruling class that is currently in charge is busy trying to put as many rocks and lions in Tesla's way as possible because: 'the future is coal and gasoline, not hippie tree-hugger libtard electric cars'. Another indirect benefit to the German car industry is that a bunch of dusty old conservative 'gas-n-diesel' CEOs and chief engineers have been golden parachuted into retirement thanks to the diesel emissions scandal and replaced by people with new ideas.

Re:Carbon intensive

By angel'o'sphere • Score: 4, Informative • Thread

Germany's electricity grid is very carbon intensive
No it is not. ~47% comes frome renewables ~10% from nukes.

Xiaomi Launches Mi Watch, Its $185 Apple Watch Clone

Posted by msmashView on SlashDotShareable Link
Xiaomi, which competes with Apple for the top position in the wearable market, today made the competition a little more interesting. The Chinese electronics giant has launched its first smartwatch called the Mi Watch that looks strikingly similar to the Apple Watch in its home market. From a report: The Mi Watch, like the Apple Watch, has a square body with a crown and a button. It sports a 1.78-inch AMOLED display (326 ppi) that offers the always-on capability and runs MIUI for Watch, the company's homegrown wearable operating system based on Google's Wear OS. Inside the metal housing -- aluminum alloy with a matte finish -- are microphones on two sides for recording audio and taking calls, and a loudspeaker on the left to listen to music or incoming calls. The Mi Watch, which comes in one size -- 44mm -- has a ceramic back, which is where the charging pins and a heart rate sensor are also placed. The Mi Watch is powered by Qualcomm's Snapdragon Wear 3100 4G chipset with four Cortex A7 cores clocked at 1.2GHz, coupled with 1GB of RAM and 8GB storage. The company says its first smartwatch supports cellular connectivity (through an eSIM), Wi-Fi, GPS, Bluetooth, and NFC for payments. The Mi Watch should last for 36 hours on a single charge on cellular mode, the company claimed. The Mi Watch is priced at CNY 1,299 ($185) and will go on sale in the country next week.

Warehouses Are Tracking Workers' Every Muscle Movement

Posted by msmashView on SlashDotShareable Link
Unions and researchers who study workplace surveillance worry that employers who begin gathering data on workers for whatever reason will be unable to resist using it against them. From a report: Productivity tracking is already widespread throughout the industry -- and workers can be fired or punished if their performance dips. The opacity of data-analysis tools can make it difficult for workers to fully understand how much employers can see. StrongArm, a company that makes such devices, says it has about 30 clients, including Heineken NV and Toyota Motor, and is also establishing relationships with insurance companies interested in ways to reduce workers compensation costs. Walmart says it's testing StrongArm in eight distribution centers and adds it has no plans to use them in stores.

StrongArm says about 15,000 workers have worn its devices, and most of them use it daily. The Brooklyn, New York-based startup expects to have 35,000 daily active users by the end of next year. StrongArm acknowledges that concerns about workplace surveillance surround its work, but the company says its products are designed solely to improve safety and cites a recent study it commissioned that found users wearing them suffered 20% to 50% fewer injuries. It says it's not tracking individual productivity and that its products aren't used to punish individual workers or to contest workers compensation claims. But ergonomic tracking isn't happening in isolation.

They'll all be replaced by robots

By Quakeulf • Score: 3 • Thread
This is only a transitional phase.

Nothing insidious about it

By syn3rg • Score: 3 • Thread
They're just taking cues from the package delivery industry (FedEx, UPS) who learned that having their drivers only make right turns, allowed them to be more efficient.
To me, this sounds like they want to keep their workers, as robotic warehouse systems already exist

Track Output not Work.

By jellomizer • Score: 5, Insightful • Thread
The biggest lie of the time is Hard Work leads to success. While those who are working the hardest are often the least successful.
That guy in a warehouse who may be moving a lot may not be productive as he may be wondering the warehouse trying to find the right box, or not efficiently taking the right path for optimal work. A worker who may wait for a couple order to queue up then stop and think of the ideal path. May be able to get more Output with less work.

Even with programming. The programmers who take breaks goof off a little bit, often can get more and better code out. Then the guy at they keyboard stressing out that nothing is working. Taking a break clearing your mind, looking at the world in a different light is a useful ability, that actually increases output.

 

It really is for workers benefits

By GuB-42 • Score: 3 • Thread

One doesn't need complex motion tracking algorithms to fire workers who are not productive enough.
Just count the number of boxes moved, if the number is too low, you are fired.

Here, the goal is to first understand why some employees are less productive than others. If the reason is that you are just lazy, then you will be fired, like in any company caring about productivity. But if the reason is that you are doing the wrong movement, then they will help you correct yourself. Win-win, you get to keep your job and health, and the company gets its productivity.

Re:Track Output not Work.

By Oswald McWeany • Score: 4, Insightful • Thread

The point is that people who are not moving as much or who are taking breaks and goofing off are not performing at maximum effort. They are in effect stealing from the company, who is paying them for their time and not their output. If you can identify people who are short-changing the company in the time for pay trade, you can fix the arrangement. One could argue that salvaging the waste from your most efficient people has a better return on investment than trying to whip your bottom 10% with a stick to make them move faster.

Are you on the clock right now posting to Slashdot?

I understand the point, but it's still a scary thought. For human well-being a certain amount of slack is needed. Obviously people who abuse the slack and slack too much are not good for a business, but there should be a certain amount of slack. Being watched every moment people will think they can't have a "humane" level of slack.

Martin Scorsese: I Said Marvel Movies Aren't Cinema. Let Me Explain.

Posted by msmashView on SlashDotShareable Link
Martin Scorsese, writing at The New York Times: [...] In a way, certain Hitchcock films were also like theme parks. I'm thinking of "Strangers on a Train," in which the climax takes place on a merry-go-round at a real amusement park, and "Psycho," which I saw at a midnight show on its opening day, an experience I will never forget. People went to be surprised and thrilled, and they weren't disappointed. Sixty or 70 years later, we're still watching those pictures and marveling at them. But is it the thrills and the shocks that we keep going back to? I don't think so. The set pieces in "North by Northwest" are stunning, but they would be nothing more than a succession of dynamic and elegant compositions and cuts without the painful emotions at the center of the story or the absolute lostness of Cary Grant's character. The climax of "Strangers on a Train" is a feat, but it's the interplay between the two principal characters and Robert Walker's profoundly unsettling performance that resonate now.

Some say that Hitchcock's pictures had a sameness to them, and perhaps that's true -- Hitchcock himself wondered about it. But the sameness of today's franchise pictures is something else again. Many of the elements that define cinema as I know it are there in Marvel pictures. What's not there is revelation, mystery or genuine emotional danger. Nothing is at risk. The pictures are made to satisfy a specific set of demands, and they are designed as variations on a finite number of themes. They are sequels in name but they are remakes in spirit, and everything in them is officially sanctioned because it can't really be any other way. That's the nature of modern film franchises: market-researched, audience-tested, vetted, modified, revetted and remodified until they're ready for consumption.

[...] In the past 20 years, as we all know, the movie business has changed on all fronts. But the most ominous change has happened stealthily and under cover of night: the gradual but steady elimination of risk. Many films today are perfect products manufactured for immediate consumption. Many of them are well made by teams of talented individuals. All the same, they lack something essential to cinema: the unifying vision of an individual artist. Because, of course, the individual artist is the riskiest factor of all. [...] Today, that tension is gone, and there are some in the business with absolute indifference to the very question of art and an attitude toward the history of cinema that is both dismissive and proprietary -- a lethal combination. The situation, sadly, is that we now have two separate fields: There's worldwide audiovisual entertainment, and there's cinema. They still overlap from time to time, but that's becoming increasingly rare. And I fear that the financial dominance of one is being used to marginalize and even belittle the existence of the other. For anyone who dreams of making movies or who is just starting out, the situation at this moment is brutal and inhospitable to art. And the act of simply writing those words fills me with terrible sadness.

Re:Pretentious Fuck

By mjwx • Score: 5, Interesting • Thread

Pretentious? I don't think you know what that word means.

His basic claim is that Marvel movies are safe experiences due to market testing caused by the massive budgets that must be recouped, and therefore they are not thrilling.

That is a clear argument, and certainly not one depending on any affectations or supposed position from on high.

Yep,

The gist of it is that he's saying that Marvel movies are formulaic and that wont change as long as the formula is making money. Its basically like the McDonalds of movie making, you go to McDonalds because you know exactly what you're going to get no matter which McDonalds you go to even if it's in a completely different country. Ergo with Marvel movies, they need to maximise the appeal to the widest possible audience, this means taking as few risks as possible.

It's not pretentious to criticise McDonalds for being what it is, likewise it's not pretentious to criticise Marvel movies for being what they are.

I think of Marvel movies as "aeroplane movies" because when you're on a long haul flight for 10+ hours what you want to do is simply switch off your brain for a few hours, Marvel and other superhero movies fit that bill perfectly. No substance but lots of flashy CGI fight scenes and eye candy, brain can take a 2-3 hour holiday. In fact I'm pretty sure I haven't seen a marvel movie outside an aircraft in some years.

Re:Pretentious Fuck

By Rob Y. • Score: 5, Insightful • Thread

Sequels aren't the problem (okay, they're part of the problem, if they're completely devoid of imagination). Neither is the fact that most movies aren't ART.

For me, 30 minutes of impossible CGI action isn't storytelling. It isn't even action. It's just stimulation, and it adds up to next to nothing. That even in a movie that started out promising. I've generally liked the first 30 minutes of every comic book movie I've seen. But once the video game kicks in, there's a sameness to it all - and a disorientation, to the point that you don't even know what you're looking at - only that it's 'exciting'. Movies can be so much better than that.

Re:Yeah, well

By BenBoy • Score: 4, Funny • Thread

I don't think we give a fuck. The Marvel movies reliably deliver what we're looking for. Definitely not high art, often predictable to the point where it is a built-in joke, and couldn't stand on its own without the special effects. But they deliver a quality product consistently. "Cinema" is pretty hit or miss, by which I mean more miss than hit honestly. Given the cost of a trip to the movies both in dollars and the more precious resource of time, that's not an acceptable trade. I usually give this stuff a try on Netflix where there isn't really a penalty for watching any given thing. I've seen so many shitty Netflix Original movies that even a failed art-house movie ...

Translation:
I don't think we give a fuck. Masturbation reliably delivers what we're looking for. Definitely not love, often predictable to the point where it is a built-in joke, and couldn't stand on its own without the porn. But they deliver a quality product consistently. "Dating" is pretty hit or miss, by which I mean more miss than hit honestly. Given the cost of a date both in dollars and the more precious resource of time, that's not an acceptable trade. I usually give this stuff a try on Tinder where there isn't really a penalty for just seeing if somebody's dtf. I've had so many bad tinder dates that even a failed date ...
Etc.

Re:Pretentious Fuck

By drinkypoo • Score: 5, Insightful • Thread

By this kind of reasoning, only a few movies every year are cinema.

Yep, you got it in one. That's how it is, assuming there's even a few.

That doesn't mean the other movies aren't worth making, or even seeing, but it does mean they'll vanish in the sands of time.

Re:Pretentious Fuck

By PopeRatzo • Score: 4 • Thread

Because to me it sounds exactly like when Roger Ebert said that video games can never be art. IE, it sounds pretentious.

The difference is that Roger Ebert wrote about movies. He had a column every single day. He was paid for his opinions and his opinions often changed.

On the other hand, Martin Scorsese has already made over 40 movies, most of which will still be watched and enjoyed and studied 40 years from now. Do you really think anyone's going to be watching AVENGERS: AGE OF ULTRON 40 years from now? Or will more up-to-date entertainments be made that will replace it?

What was the last time you went out of your way to watch 2008's THE INCREDIBLE HULK? But a little-known Scorsese film like MEAN STREETS (1973) will still fill revival houses with paying customers. RAGING BULL or GOODFELLAS could get a new release in 2019 and fill theaters.

There's nothing wrong with superhero movies. I love superhero movies. But they are indisputably disposable schlock.

Digital Authoritarianism Is On the Rise Around the World, Report Warns

Posted by BeauHDView on SlashDotShareable Link
An anonymous reader quotes a report from CNET: Internet freedom declined for a ninth consecutive year as governments around the world used social media to monitor citizens and manipulate elections, according to a new study that warned of creeping "digital authoritarianism." Thirty-three of the 65 countries surveyed were found to have experienced worsening internet freedom since June 2018, compared with 16 that were found to have improving conditions. The study, conducted by Freedom House, a nonprofit human rights advocacy, said domestic disinformation had grown as a threat to democracy with populist leaders and their online supporters using the internet to distort political discussions. The organization found domestic interference in 26 of the 30 countries that held elections over the past year.

The report said internet freedom in the U.S. had declined, in large part because law enforcement and immigration agencies used social media to monitor people, though the country was still deemed "free." China was dubbed the "worst abuser of internet freedom" for a fourth consecutive year as the government tightened information controls because of the 30th anniversary of the Tiananmen Square massacre and protests in Hong Kong. Noting that the biggest platforms were American, Freedom House called on the U.S. to lead in the effort to fix social media transparency and accountability. "This is the only way to stop the internet from becoming a Trojan horse for tyranny and oppression," wrote Adrian Shahbaz, one of the authors of the report.

Re: "Social" media

By sycodon • Score: 4, Insightful • Thread

Who needs government censors when Google, YouTube, Facebook, Twitter, etc will do the job for free?

Or as reported on their news

By Chrisq • Score: 4, Funny • Thread

China was dubbed the "worst abuser of internet freedom" for a fourth consecutive year as the government tightened information controls because of the 30th anniversary of the Tiananmen Square massacre and protests in Hong Kong.

Or as reported on their news ..China is the best protected from Western interference, immorality, and terrorist radicalisation.

Re:"Social" media

By BringsApples • Score: 5, Informative • Thread

Slashdot hardly counts as "social media".

social media; noun
websites and applications that enable users to create and share content or to participate in social networking.

We (slashdot users) don't create, or share content (we can submit stories that we found, but we didn't create that content), nor do we know each other's real names, so social networking is out.

"Digital" isn't the issue

By Kohath • Score: 4, Interesting • Thread

This is just tyrants modernizing their tech. Forget about the tech. Fight the tyrants.

We did it!

By Gravis Zero • Score: 3 • Thread

I know it took a lot of effort by programmers everywhere but we're finally getting the results we all knew were inevitable. You can claim it's not what you had intended but it's exactly what you made possible.

Congratulations everyone!

Adobe and Twitter Are Designing a System For Permanently Attaching Artists' Names To Pictures

Posted by BeauHDView on SlashDotShareable Link
Adobe, Twitter, and The New York Times Company have announced a new system for adding attribution to photos and other content. A tool will record who created a piece of content and whether it's been modified by someone else, then let other people and platforms check that data. The Verge reports: The overall project is called the Content Authenticity Initiative, and its participants will hold a summit on the system in the next few months. Based on what Adobe has announced, the attribution tool is a piece of metadata that can be attached to a file. Adobe doesn't describe precisely how it will keep the tag secure or prevent someone from copying the content in a way that strips it out. Adobe chief product officer Scott Belsky said that some technical details will be worked out at the summit. Adobe described this system as a way to verify "authenticity" online. And The New York Times Company's research and development head, Marc Lavallee, suggested it could fight misinformation by helping people discern "trusted news" on digital media platforms.

But the most obvious uses include identifying a photo's source and making sure artists get credit for their work. Many photos and webcomics circulate anonymously on platforms like Twitter, and an attribution tag would help trace those images back to their creator. This depends entirely on how well the CAI system works, however. Tags wouldn't be very useful if they could be easily altered or removed, but if the system preserves security by tightly controlling how people can interact with the image, it could have the same downsides as other digital rights management or DRM systems.

How long to crack?

By Chrisq • Score: 4, Insightful • Thread
If it can be displayed on a computer then it can be captured with a screen shot!

Sounds like another

By oldgraybeard • Score: 5, Interesting • Thread
DRM method. Could work just like patents first to file(steal). So now there will be a tagging binge where everyone tries to tag as much as they can as theirs. I can see it now all your social media files are tagged by the site owners so they can monetize things easier.

Just my 2 cents ;)

EXIF already has a copyright field

By not flu • Score: 5, Insightful • Thread
EXIF already has a copyright field, how about twitter start by not stripping all that useful metadata out? Too NIH for them?

Then again judging by the popularity of copyright info in the appropriate EXIF field it's safe to conclude only a very tiny minority of users ever wanted this.

Re: EXIF already has a copyright field

By DigiShaman • Score: 5, Insightful • Thread

Gotta enforce a system to track pictures taken by protesters and observers. You know, so authorities know who to silen....um....question for mores answers. Yeah, that's it.

I'm surprised nobody mentioned this

By McFortner • Score: 4, Insightful • Thread
But what a better way for the government to backtrack who took images that they want to suppress such as, oh, say, China regarding Hong Kong protests? Human rights violations being committed by a government? We can track it who by this data. Embarrassing photos of a politician that they didn't want getting out? They'll know who posted it, and in some countries, make sure the photographer "disappears" permanently.

This new tagging advancement has Big Brother's Stamp of Approval!

Interstellar Space Even Weirder Than Expected, NASA Probe Reveals

Posted by BeauHDView on SlashDotShareable Link
New submitter paralumina01 shares a report from National Geographic: In the blackness of space billions of miles from home, NASA's Voyager 2 marked a milestone of exploration, becoming just the second spacecraft ever to enter interstellar space in November 2018. Now, a day before the anniversary of that celestial exit, scientists have revealed what Voyager 2 saw as it crossed the threshold -- and it's giving humans new insight into some of the big mysteries of our solar system. The findings, spread across five studies published today in Nature Astronomy, mark the first time that a spacecraft has directly sampled the electrically charged hazes, or plasmas, that fill both interstellar space and the solar system's farthest outskirts. It's another first for the spacecraft, which was launched in 1977 and performed the first -- and only -- flybys of the ice giant planets Uranus and Neptune.
[...]
For the first time, researchers could see that as an object gets within 140 million miles of the heliopause, the plasma surrounding it slows, heats up, and gets more dense. And on the other side of the boundary, the interstellar medium is at least 54,000 degrees Fahrenheit, which is hotter than expected. In addition, Voyager 2 confirmed that the heliopause is one leaky border -- and the leaks go both ways. Before Voyager 1 passed through the heliopause, it zoomed through tendrils of interstellar particles that had punched into the heliopause like tree roots through rock. Voyager 2, however, saw a trickle of low-energy particles that extended more than a hundred million miles beyond the heliopause. Another mystery appeared as Voyager 1 came within 800 million miles of the heliopause, where it entered a limbo-like area in which the outbound solar wind slowed to a crawl. Before it crossed the heliopause, Voyager 2 saw the solar wind form an altogether different kind of layer that, oddly, was nearly the same width as the stagnant one seen by Voyager 1.

Re:54,000 degrees?

By Sique • Score: 4, Interesting • Thread
Yes, you missed the very definition of "temperature".

Temperature is the average kinetic energy of particles, more exactly: T = 2/3 E_kin/k_B with k_B being the Boltzmann constant. In this case, we are talking about interestellar plasma and its temperature (e.g. its average kinetic energy per particle).

What you are probably meaning is the cosmic background radiation, whose spectrum is thermal (e.g. has the frequency distribution of a thermal radiator), and is equal to the radation a black body would radiate at a temperature of 2.7 K.

Re: 54,000 degrees?

By JoeRobe • Score: 4, Interesting • Thread

I suspect that at the densities of gas/plasma in the ISM that any spacecraft can radiatively shed the extra heat.

Re:54,000 degrees?

By Luckyo • Score: 5, Interesting • Thread

Indeed, the way they describe energy of plasma particles is somewhat misleading if you aren't aware of the subject matter.

That said, technically space does in fact "keep you warm", because there is only thermal radiation as a means of heat transfer that works in space in any appreciable way. That's why one of the major problems with installations in various points in space is cooling.

With most of our terrestrial technology using far more efficient means of cooling such as convection and conduction, it was a fairly significant conundrum especially for manned installations. ISS has huge thermal radiator surfaces for example, almost comparable in size to its solar panels.

Re:54,000 degrees?

By close_wait • Score: 5, Informative • Thread
At their current velocities, New Horizons and Voyager 1 would take around 70,000 years to reach the nearest star, had they been heading that way. Also, we currently struggle to receive data from those probes using a 70m receiver dish. To receive data when the probe has reached alpha centauri or similar would need a dish approx 180,000m in diameter, all other things being equal.

Re:54,000 degrees?

By Ol Olsoc • Score: 4, Funny • Thread

Yep, I made the mistake of not taking into account the vastness of space while also complaining of others not taking into account the vastness of space.

That sounds pretty half-vast to me.......