the unofficial Slashdot digest for 2022-Jan-12 today archive

Alterslash picks up to the best 5 comments from each of the day’s Slashdot stories, and presents them on a single page for easy reading.

Scammers Put Fake QR Codes On Parking Meters To Intercept Parkers' Payments

Posted by BeauHDView on SlashDotShareable Link
An anonymous reader quotes a report from Ars Technica: Scammers in a few big Texas cities have been putting fake QR codes on parking meters to trick people into paying the fraudsters. Parking enforcement officers recently found stickers with fraudulent QR codes on pay stations in Austin, Houston, and San Antonio. San Antonio police warned the public of the scam on December 20, saying that "people attempting to pay for parking using those QR codes may have been directed to a fraudulent website and submitted payment to a fraudulent vendor." Similar scams were then found in Austin and Houston.

The fake QR codes reportedly directed people to a "Quick Pay Parking" website at the domain, which is now offline. It's not clear how many people -- if any -- were tricked into paying the fraudsters. "We don't use QR codes at all for this very reason, because they are easy to fake or place on the devices," Austin parking division manager Jason Redfern told KXAN. "And we heard from industry leaders that this would be a possibility." Austin accepts payments directly at the meter with coins or credit or with the Park ATX mobile payment app. [...] Houston officials found five meters with fake QR codes and removed the stickers, according to KPRC 2. While the scam seems to have been centered in Texas, it could be repeated anywhere. If you see a QR code on a parking meter, ignore it and make sure you pay the city directly.

Our town just introduced those shit Bird scooters

By RitchCraft • Score: 3 • Thread
I believe they use a bar code that needs to be scanned by a smartphone to purchase ride time. I wonder if these are being targeted as well?

Re:can you get out of an ticket if you used the fa

By CoolDiscoRex • Score: 5, Interesting • Thread

can you get out of an ticket if you used the fake one?

Probably, but it'll still cost you. For example:

Here in Seattle, they care so much about the climate that they actively penalize you for riding a 125cc 4-Stroke motor scooter that gets 80MPG.

See, you have to pay the exact same parking rate as an SUV, but you are not allowed to use the entire parking space. Instead, you have to park perpendicular to the curb, at the end of the space so a car can share the space. So, exact same price for 1/10th the space. That'll teach people to drive a 180lb vehicle instead of a 7,000lb behemoth!

But wait, there's more.

Drivers put their tickets inside of their vehicles so it can be seen through the window. Two wheeler, on the other hand, have to tape it to the headlight, where anyone can take it, and put it in their car ... free parking!

Happened all the time for me.

Oh, and if you get a ticket for not having a sticker, because yours was stolen?

Well, you are free to take a day off from work, bring you bank statement to court, and show them that you really did pay. You have to do that EACH TIME your sticker gets swiped and you get a ticket.

Makes driving an automobile look WAY more attractive, and most people do. Because Seattle is VERY worried about Climate Change! Extremely worried! So very, very worried!

So, I imagine they will be able to get out of the fine, but typically only a traffic judge has the power to throw a fine out ... so let's hope they have some vacation saved up.

You gotta admit

By wakeboarder • Score: 3 • Thread

It's a bit clever, but I'd be mad if I ran into this

Re:Misused QR Codes

By tlhIngan • Score: 5, Informative • Thread

That's why QR codes aren't used - the places that run the meters KNOW they are a serious vulnerability because anyone can sticker over the real code.

The meter already takes cash and credit cards, and pay by app or website is available if you go to the thing on the meter (don't trust it if it's a sticker and not with the placard).

Also, the meters I use almost never rely on a tag you stick under the window - the tag you get is your receipt. Instead, you punch in the stall number you're parked at, or more commonly, your license plate number. Saves having to go back to your card to stick the tag in, or if you're a motorcycle, having the tag stolen.

An attendant simply walks around the lot and types in license plate numbers or stall numbers and their smartphone tells them if you're legally parked or not.

Very simple, very efficient, and you keep the slip in case you get a ticket because it's your official receipt.

Why warn people?

By nospam007 • Score: 3 • Thread

They can fine all the conned ones.

US To Hold Largest-Ever Offshore Wind Farm Auction Next Month

Posted by BeauHDView on SlashDotShareable Link
The US government announced Wednesday it will auction more than 480,000 acres off the coasts of New York and New Jersey to build wind farms as part of its campaign to supply renewable energy to more than 10 million homes by 2030. Tech Xplore reports: Offshore wind developers will bid February 23 on six areas in the New York Bight -- the most lots ever offered in a single auction -- which could generate between 5.6 to seven gigawatts of energy, enough to power two million homes, the Interior Department said. The auction will be the first under President Joe Biden, whose administration aims to build as many as to seven major offshore wind farms and review plans for at least 16 others along the US coasts. The effort is part of Washington's fight against climate change, and the Biden administration says the wind investment would cut 78 million tons of carbon dioxide emissions and create tens of thousands of jobs.

Re:A little from column A, a lot from B.

By JoshuaZ • Score: 5, Insightful • Thread
Concrete is a one-time carbon expenditure. And conventional fossil fuel plants also involve massive amounts of concrete. We are working on getting better low CO2 concrete. See e.g. Given the timeline for these projects, it might even be used for some of these projects.

Re:A little from column A, a lot from B.

By timeOday • Score: 4, Insightful • Thread
You first!

Don't expect people to spend more time debunking it than you did making it up, which would appear to be approximately none.

Re:Isn't it fun to think about?

By timeOday • Score: 5, Insightful • Thread
It's good. We're very lucky to live in a time and place where the government can out-violence anybody else as needed, and is fairly democratic. It could be more democratic but by historical standards it is very good. Auctioning off RF spectrum or land or territorial sea to the highest bidder with the proceeds going to the public through the government is much better than a free-for-all.

Don Quixote...

By rantrantrant • Score: 3 • Thread the rescue!

Re:Northeast- lots of wind, not a lot of wind powe

By JoshuaZ • Score: 4, Informative • Thread
The primary argument there seems to be about turning off nuclear power plants when there's a lot of wind power. But in order for that to be an issue, you need to either have massive quantities of wind, or massive quantities of nuclear power. Since the North-East has very little wind power right now, the baseload isn't an issue. It also isn't help to label nuclear waste as "evil"- it is waste nothing more. And yes, we have a lot of plans for handling it, nor is it nearly as dangerous as some people seem to think. Climate change and CO2 is far, far bigger problem than anything related to nuclear waste. And most nuclear waste from a power plant is comparatively low level waste from the reactor itself, not spent fuel rods. Those items, like most of the pressure vessel, are radioactive shortly after startup, and remain radioactive regardless of how long the plant itself runs for.

Germany Raises Prospect of Shutting Telegram Over Hate Threats

Posted by BeauHDView on SlashDotShareable Link
Germany raised the prospect of closing down the Telegram messaging service over concerns about its use as a platform for extremist groups. Bloomberg reports: The country could seek to block the service if the government reaches the conclusion that it breeches national and European Union law. "A shutdown would be very serious and clearly the last resort," Interior Minister Nancy Faeser said in an interview with German weekly Die Zeit. Before such a step, all other options would have to be exhausted, but "we can't exclude this per se," the SPD politician said. Talks about possible measures against Telegram are ongoing, an Interior Ministry spokesman said on Wednesday, adding that it wasn't clear what legal and technical procedures would be necessary to switch off Telegram.

Taiwan Will Soon Have More Electric Scooter Battery Swap Stations Than Gas Stations

Posted by BeauHDView on SlashDotShareable Link
According to Electrek, the number of Gogoro electric scooter battery swap stations in Taiwan will soon eclipse the country's total number of gas stations. From the report: Gogoro's battery swap stations look something like a bright green and white vending machine. Users of Gogoro's batteries (which include scooters of many different brands thanks to its partnerships), simply roll up to a station and swap out their depleted battery for a freshly charged unit. A subscription service makes it a quick and easy process that takes just a few seconds. At the end of 2021, Gogoro counted a total of 2,215 GoStations nationwide, according to the Taipei Times. The number of gas stations stood barely higher at 2,487. At Gogoro's current rate of expansion, 2022 very well may be the year that the number of GoStations surpasses the number of gas stations.

Propane tanks

By kenh • Score: 3 • Thread

This model is very popular in the US for propane tanks, used for applications like gas grills, but I don't think this will work for electric scooters in the US.

The difference is the average consumer feels a sense of ownership for their new battery they bought with their scooter. If the scooters are sold without a battery, and the buyer instead is forced to either buy a battery outright OR sign up for a battery swap service, this could be popular, because the scooter buyer would not feel like they are giving up their new battery for a used one, and paying for the privilege.

Then again, I don't imagine electric scooters will ever reach the critical mass here in America to support wide-spread battery swap stations across the country.

Re:What happens when you buy a brand-new scooter

By ShanghaiBill • Score: 4, Informative • Thread

Maybe you can keep your original and the subscription comes with your first battery?

It is even simpler than that. You buy the scooter with NO battery, then you swap in a Gogoro battery at the scooter shop and drive away.

In Taiwan, scooters are way more common than cars, and their 2-cycle engines produce a lot of pollution, so going electric is a big win.

6 million scooters in taiwan

By lkcl • Score: 3 • Thread

this story only makes sense when you've been to taipei, and seen 200 scooters pull up over a period of only a couple of minutes at the front of a 4-lane-wide crossroads. the cloud of smoke as 200 2-stroke scooters start off is deeply disturbing. scooters are so essential that even in a small town of 8,000 people where i used to live, there were around 8 scooter shops and repair centres (you couldn't call them garages, they were too small)

by having stations across an entire city where the battery can be swapped out for one that is already charged, there is no "range anxiety", there is no problem about weight, and best of all there is no massive pollution at every junction. but this only makes sense when you realise that the scooter in Taiwan is *the* major means of travel, and that every town and city is set up for them.

Raspberry Pi Can Detect Malware By Scanning For Electromagnetic Waves

Posted by BeauHDView on SlashDotShareable Link
An anonymous reader quotes a report from Gizmodo: A team of researchers at France's Research Institute of Computer Science and Random Systems created an anti-malware system centered around a Raspberry Pi that scans devices for electromagnetic waves. As reported by Tom's Hardware, the security device uses an oscilloscope (Picoscope 6407) and H-Field probe connected to a Raspberry Pi 2B to pick up abnormalities in specific electromagnetic waves emitted by computers that are under attack, a technique the researchers say is used to "obtain precise knowledge about malware type and identity."

The detection system then relies on Convolution Neural Networks (CNN) to determine whether the data gathered indicates the presence of a threat. Using this technique, researchers claims they could record 100,000 measurement traces from IoT devices infected by genuine malware samples, and predicted three generic and one benign malware class with an accuracy as high as 99.82%. Best of all, no software is needed and the device you're scanning doesn't need to be manipulated in any way. As such, bad actors won't be successful with their attempts to conceal malicious code from malware detection software using obfuscation techniques. "Our method does not require any modification on the target device. Thus, it can be deployed independently from the resources available without any overhead. Moreover, our approach has the advantage that it can hardly be detected and evaded by the malware authors," researchers wrote in the paper.

False positives

By Rockoon • Score: 3 • Thread
One way to increase rate of detection is to also increase the rate of false positives. Any detection rate, even up to 100%, is achievable.

Link to TFA

By msimm • Score: 3 • Thread
Proper link to TFA (PDF) here:

Great Idea

By bubblyceiling • Score: 3 • Thread
I assume it is essentially detecting how much EM an IOT device is putting out, which is impossible to fool. Every operation the IOT device does, will lead to more EM radiation, which is essential if you want to use them in a botnet or something.

'UltraRAM' Breakthrough Could Combine Memory and Storage Into One

Posted by BeauHDView on SlashDotShareable Link
Scientists from Lancaster University say that we might be close to combining SSDs and RAM into one component. "UltraRAM," as it's being called, is described as a memory technology which "combines the non-volatility of a data storage memory, like flash, with the speed, energy-efficiency, and endurance of a working memory, like DRAM." The researchers detailed the breakthrough in a recently published paper. Tom's Hardware reports: The fundamental science behind UltraRAM is that it uses the unique properties of compound semiconductors, commonly used in photonic devices such as LEDs, lasers, and infrared detectors can now be mass-produced on silicon. The researchers claim that the latest incarnation on silicon outperforms the technology as tested on Gallium Arsenide semiconductor wafers. Some extrapolated numbers for UltraRAM are that it will offer "data storage times of at least 1,000 years," and its fast switching speed and program-erase cycling endurance is "one hundred to one thousand times better than flash." Add these qualities to the DRAM-like speed, energy efficiency, and endurance, and this novel memory type sounds hard for tech companies to ignore.

If you read between the lines above, you can see that UltraRAM is envisioned to break the divide between RAM and storage. So, in theory, you could use it as a one-shot solution to fill these currently separate requirements. In a PC system, that would mean you would get a chunk of UltraRAM, say 2TB, and that would cover both your RAM and storage needs. The shift, if it lives up to its potential, would be a great way to push forward with the popular trend towards in-memory processing. After all, your storage would be your memory -- with UltraRAM; it is the same silicon.

Re:Nice, but don't hold your breath

By Gravis Zero • Score: 4, Informative • Thread

I remember in the early 00's reading about MRAM, which would combine disks and RAM and all the benefits it would bring. It was also only 5 years away at the time.

Actually, Magnetoresistive RAM (MRAM) does exist and does have the benefits of both and you can buy it right now! The only issue is that it's about $1 per megabyte. So yeah, if you don't mind paying $1000/GB ($1M/TB) of memory then you only need to hire a system designer to make it into a reality. This may seem unreasonable but it was only a couple decades ago that the same was true about flash memory.

Re:Been waiting for this

By kamitchell • Score: 4, Informative • Thread

You did, live long enough, sort of. The IBM i operating system, originally OS/400, introduced in 1988, had a single-level store. There was no "disk" or "memory", just "storage". Sure, it was backed up by hard drives. But from the view of the application programs, it was just one huge piece of (virtual) memory, with a single address space.

All the magic happened in the code in the operating system. How the storage was apportioned between RAM and disk, how programs weren't able to look at objects belong to other programs, etc. Even the CPU was abstracted away. You could move your programs from System/38 based hardware to Power based hardware, and the system would translate the program from the intermediate representation that the compiler produced to the machine code for the hardware.

Really elegant system, way ahead of its time.

Not an "at scale" test

By DDumitru • Score: 4, Informative • Thread
The testing in the paper was for 20 um junctions and had program cycle types of 1ms to 10ms. Compare this to 10nm and 100 ns or better for current memory/flash. The paper does imply that scaling down to "final dimensions" should increase the speed to "above DRAM" speeds based on capacitance, but actually scaling something to 1/5000 the volume and expecting linear results seems a little ambitious.

Might replace flash

By gweihir • Score: 3 • Thread

Will not replace DRAM. Too slow, too large. Might make for great swap-space though.

And as usual: I believe it when I can buy it, not before.

Close but no cigar

By robi5 • Score: 4, Informative • Thread

The quoted 1000 times the endurance of current SSD read/write cycles is still not good enough as RAM. Current RAM cells get written billions of times. So it sounds like it'll mostly be a much better persistent memory (like SSD) rather than something that unifies RAM and SSD. Maybe in some specific systems it can work as a uniform memory, and it's possible that by the time it's out, it'll make sense to put even larger SRAM and even DRAM caches on the CPU die (or in the CPU package) so the count of main memory reads/writes is reduced

Let's also not forget that current RAM serves as video RAM in most of the systems sold. Video RAM is especially prone to being rewritten a gazillion of times. Maybe the speed isn't there either to act as RAM or esp. VRAM

Nigeria Lifts Ban on Twitter

Posted by msmashView on SlashDotShareable Link
The Nigerian government has lifted the suspension of Twitter operations more than six months after it first declared a crackdown on the social media giant in the country. From a report: Kashifu Inuwa Abdullahi, the director-general of Nigeria's tech agency, National Information Technology Development Agency (NITDA), made this announcement via a statement. He was put in charge, as chairman, of the committee (Technical Committee Nigeria-Twitter Engagement) set up by the Nigerian government to oversee talks between the West African nation and Twitter after the ban. [...] Abdullahi also noted in the statement that Twitter has agreed to set "a legal entity in Nigeria during the first quarter of 2022." It was one of the three requests, out of ten, Nigeria said Twitter had failed to meet to reinstate the company's operations in the country months after the ban, as announced by Nigeria's information minister Lai Mohammed in August last year.

Sony Is Dealing With PlayStation 5 Shortage by Making More PS4s

Posted by BeauHDView on SlashDotShareable Link
Sony will continue producing PlayStation 4 consoles throughout 2022 as it navigates disruptions to the global supply chain that have limited output of its pricier PlayStation 5. Bloomberg reports: The Japanese conglomerate, whose flagship PS5 console has been in scarce supply since its debut in November 2020, told assembly partners late last year that it would continue making its earlier-generation machine through this year, according to people familiar with the matter. While Sony never officially announced when it would stop making the PS4, it had previously planned to discontinue assembly at the end of 2021, they said, asking not to be named as the plans are not public.

The strategy would add about a million PS4 units this year to help offset some of the pressure on the company's PS5 production, a figure that will be adjusted in response to demand, the people said. The older console uses less advanced chips, is simpler to make and provides a budget-friendly alternative to the PS5. Increasing production orders by adding the cheaper-to-make PS4 would also give Sony more leeway when negotiating with manufacturing partners for a better deal, two of the people said.

I'm looking forward to seeing

By rsilvergun • Score: 3 • Thread
the new AMD integrated graphics they announced and what they can really do. One the one hand it's integrated graphics and so far they've never failed to disappoint, but they're claiming performance that isn't too far off from my RX 580.

Mostly I just want to know that if my 580 dies (knock on wood that doesn't happen) I'm not stuck going back to my old GTX 660. :P

Point is, I'm happy to see companies doing what they can to keep gaming going.

Re: I'm looking forward to seeing

By rossz • Score: 4, Insightful • Thread

No, there is nothing hypocritical about a Marxist wanting stuff. In fact, getting stuff is the whole point of Marxism.

Yet that is one of the many promises that marxism has failed to keep. Consistently.

Teen Hacker Finds Bug That Lets Him Control 25+ Teslas Remotely

Posted by BeauHDView on SlashDotShareable Link
An anonymous reader quotes a report from Ars Technica: A young hacker and IT security researcher found a way to remotely interact with more than 25 Tesla electric vehicles in 13 countries, according to a Twitter thread he posted yesterday. David Colombo explained in the thread that the flaw was "not a vulnerability in Tesla's infrastructure. It's the owner's faults." He claimed to be able to disable a car's remote camera system, unlock doors and open windows, and even begin keyless driving. He could also determine the car's exact location.

However, Colombo clarified that he could not actually interact with any of the Teslas' steering, throttle, or brakes, so at least we don't have to worry about an army of remote-controlled EVs doing a Fate of the Furious reenactment. Colombo says he reported the issue to Tesla's security team, which is investigating the matter.

Re:he reported the issue to Tesla's security team

By 93 Escort Wagon • Score: 5, Funny • Thread

Hope he doesn't get arrested for it...

No, Elon will just tweet something that implies the kid is a pedophile.

Re:still waiting for an answer...

By King_TJ • Score: 4 • Thread

Seriously? I'm assuming you already know the answer to these questions, if you're savvy enough about tech to even read Slashdot in the first place.

But in a nutshell? A Tesla has two separate computer systems; one for the infotainment center/touch-screen, and the other a discreet system that handles the autopilot/self-driving capabilities.

The software updates Tesla pushes out over wi-fi (or a cellular LTE network in cases where they're not too large) are to improve the touch-screen infotainment experience. The computer and code for the autopilot don't receive updates that way. You only get a new version of that when you buy a Tesla vehicle with a newer generation of it installed. (They had AP 2.0, 2.5 and 3.0 so far, plus the Intel Mobileye tech they licensed initially, which many refer to as AP1.)

This "nonsense" as you call it is what allows their vehicles to get new features while they sit in your garage and charge overnight. They just recently added a few new video games you can play while the vehicle is parked (like Sonic the Hedgehog), and the ability to play Xmas music with a light show using the vehicle's lights. And on the more practical side? They revamped the touch-screen layout, giving people a toolbar strip along the bottom where you can customize the icons to access your favorite items - and eliminated some of the older "cards" you had to swipe left or right through to view information like tire pressure.

The Internet connectivity over LTE cellular also allows listening to streaming music or podcasts without a need to pair with a cellphone and stream it over Bluetooth. (The vehicle touchscreen lets you manage your favorite "stations" and "thumbs down" tracks you don't want a given streaming station to play again in the random music mix.)

Telemetry/tracking? Well, you get this with services like OnStar from other vehicle manufacturers. Tesla is doing the same, but not billing you for it as a monthly service. (They collect a lot of anonymized data from the fleet of Teslas running around to improve the self-driving software and the like, supposedly.) And no, they don't let you completely "turn it off". But I also haven't seen a single instance where a Tesla owner was angry or had problems because Tesla released that info to some other entity that injured them in some way?

If it's a huge issue for you that nobody ever knows where you drive or knows anything about the way you drive -- then stick to vintage/classic cars, I guess? But, probably don't ever take a cellphone with you either!


By OverlordQ • Score: 3 • Thread

He found people running a 3rd party app with default credentials.

Re:he reported the issue to Tesla's security team

By earl pottinger • Score: 4, Informative • Thread
That is just an idiot post. Tesla and Elon pay hackers big bucks for finding faults in their system. Try: for example. They paid $700,000 dollars and free cars to hackers who show they how they did it. AND IT IS 100% LEGAL. Okay,okay, you do have to watch out for the tax man. Also: There is money to be made white hacking Tesla cars.

FCC Proposes Stricter Requirements for Reporting Data Breaches

Posted by msmashView on SlashDotShareable Link
The Federal Communications Commission is the next US regulator hoping to hold companies more accountable for data breaches. From a report: Chairwoman Jessica Rosenworcel has shared a rulemaking proposal that would introduce stricter requirements for data breach reporting. Most notably, the new rules would require notifications for customers affected by "inadvertent" breaches -- companies that leave data exposed would have to be just as communicative as victims of cyberattacks. The requirements would also scrap a mandatory one-week waiting period for notifying customers. Carriers, meanwhile, would have to disclose reportable breaches to the FCC in addition to the FBI and Secret Service. Rosenworcel argued the tougher rules were necessary to account for the "evolving nature" of breaches and the risks they posed to victims. People ought to be protected against larger and more frequent incidents, the FCC chair said -- that is, regulations need to catch up with reality.

FCC has no authority to do this

By mveloso • Score: 4, Insightful • Thread

The FCC has no authority to mandate reporting for data breaches. Their job is to regulate the airwaves.

WTF, are all these agencies looking for more work? Does the FCC not have enough to do?

Microsoft Hires Key Apple Engineer To Work on Custom Chips

Posted by msmashView on SlashDotShareable Link
Microsoft lured away a veteran semiconductor designer from Apple as it looks to expand its own server-chips efforts, Bloomberg News reported Wednesday, citing people with knowledge of the matter. From a report: Mike Filippo will work on processors within Microsoft's Azure group, run by Rani Borkar, said the people, who asked not to be identified because the move hasn't been announced. A Microsoft spokesman confirmed the hire of Filippo, who also has worked at Arm and Intel. The move suggests that Microsoft is accelerating a push to create homegrown chips for its servers, which power Azure cloud-computing services. The focus on custom chips follows similar efforts by Alphabet's Google and Amazon, Microsoft's biggest cloud rivals.

Chrome Will Limit Access To Private Networks, Citing Security Reasons

Posted by msmashView on SlashDotShareable Link
Google says that its Chrome browser will soon block internet websites from querying and interacting with devices and servers located inside local private networks, citing security reasons and past abuse from malware operations. From a report: The change will take place through the implementation of a new W3C specification called Private Network Access (PNA) that will be rolled out in the first half of the year. The new PNA specification adds a mechanism inside the Chrome browser through which internet sites can ask systems inside local networks for permission before establishing a connection. If local devices, such as servers or routers fail to respond, internet websites will be blocked from connecting.

Scary title

By stikves • Score: 5, Informative • Thread

It should be "block access to local websites from external domains", or something along that line. When I saw the title, I was really worried, thinking "will the browser really stop working without Internet?", then I realized it was just a security mechanism to disallow access to IoT and other local devices by making the user's browser into a proxy.

Re:This seems unclear

By theNetImp • Score: 5, Informative • Thread

This is to prevent rogue javascript from executing HTTP requests on the users behalf on their local network without them knowing. When Javascript makes an HTTP request to a domain other than the origin domain it will send out a preflight request to ask permission. Chrome will recognize that it's trying to connect to the local network and send out a new CORS header to ask permission to connect, and if the hardware rejects the request then an error would be thrown and the javascript would stop execution.

security zones?

By bloodhawk • Score: 3 • Thread
basically seems they are implementing Internet Explorers security zones with cross zone restrictions?

PCI Express 6.0 Specification Finalized: x16 Slots To Reach 128GBps

Posted by msmashView on SlashDotShareable Link
PCI Special Interest Group (PCI-SIG) has released the much-awaited final (1.0) specification for PCI Express 6.0. From a report: The next generation of the ubiquitous bus is once again doubling the data rate of a PCIe lane, bringing it to 8GB/second in each direction -- and far, far higher for multi-lane configurations. With the final version of the specification now sorted and approved, the group expects the first commercial hardware to hit the market in 12-18 months, which in practice means it should start showing up in servers in 2023. First announced in the summer of 2019, PCI Express 6.0 is, as the name implies, the immediate follow-up to the current-generation PCIe 5.0 specification. Having made it their goal to keep doubling PCIe bandwidth roughly every 3 years, the PCI-SIG almost immediately set about work on PCIe 6.0 once the 5.0 specification was completed, looking at ways to once again double the bandwidth of PCIe. The product of those development efforts is the new PCIe 6.0 spec, and while the group has missed their original goal of a late 2021 release by mere weeks, today they are announcing that the specification has been finalized and is being released to the group's members. As always, the creation of an even faster version of PCIe technology has been driven by the insatiable bandwidth needs of the industry. The amount of data being moved by graphics cards, accelerators, network cards, SSDs, and other PCIe devices only continues to increase, and thus so must bus speeds to keep these devices fed. As with past versions of the standard, the immediate demand for the faster specification comes from server operators, whom are already regularly using large amounts of high-speed hardware. But in due time the technology should filter down to consumer devices (i.e. PCs) as well.

Wordle Copycats Have Vanished From Apple's App Store

Posted by msmashView on SlashDotShareable Link
The many Wordle copycats that were flooding Apple's App Store seem to have disappeared. The apps appear to have been removed by Apple shortly after their existence caused a stir on social media. From a report: Wordle itself doesn't have an official iOS app so other developers looked to hop on the coattails of the game's success. But when one in particular started bragging on Twitter about the attention his version of the app was getting, he quickly caught heat, drawing attention to both his app and the many other Wordle clones on the App Store. While there are still a few five-letter word games on the store, they don't have the name Wordle attached like the most egregious ripoffs from the last few days have. Instead these games have named like PuzzWord. There are still a few games left on the App Store that are actually called Wordle, but one was released three years ago and the other was released five years ago with very different concepts from the surprise hit developed by Josh Wardle. While the apps are now gone from the store, the question of why they're gone remains open. There's been no official word from Apple on whether or not the apps were removed because they violated a store rule, or simply because Apple no longer wanted them on the App Store. Either way, for now the only way to play real Worlde on your phone is still to navigate to the website on a browser.


By Dixie_Flatline • Score: 4, Insightful • Thread

The conceit of the App Store is that it's a safe place for consumers, and a profitable storefront for devs.

The App Store is honestly worse than it should be at weeding out a) scams; and b) rip-offs.

None of these were scams per se, though the guy that was bragging about copying Wordle made it a $30/year subscription, which is pretty pricy. He also tried to make the closest possible copy to the web version he could, and named his app "The Wordle App", clearly trying to make it look like it was the official app of the web version. He may not have done anything technically illegal, but he was certainly trying to mislead.

It erodes trust in the App Store to have bad apps go up. Customers start to wonder why Apple can't keep scammers out, devs wonder why they should make apps if somebody's just going to come along and copy their whole app wholesale and then use better SEO (sometimes the name of the original app!) and have the clone do better.

And this is one of the few times where throwing more people (and more money) at the problem could make it go away. If Apple doubled the size of their app review team and trained them all better in what makes a good or a bad app and then paid them what they were worth, it would still be the most trifling drop in the bucket for them.

A better article

By timeOday • Score: 3 • Thread
Here is an article that actually goes into the situation - which is a mess. Wardle did not trademark Wordle, so some opportunist trademarked it last week (after Wardle's Wordle had already become very popular).

So, it sounds like Apple is just applying its own discretion to get rid of confusingly similar ripoffs of what they think people really want.

Wikipedia Faces Pressure To Stop Accepting Crypto Donations on Environmental Grounds

Posted by msmashView on SlashDotShareable Link
Wikimedia, the non-profit foundation that runs Wikipedia, is facing internal opposition to its policy of accepting cryptocurrency as a form of donation, primarily for environmental reasons. From a report: A proposal to the foundation from contributor Molly White, who goes by the user name GorillaWarfare, argues that accepting donations in cryptocurrencies such as bitcoin, bitcoin cash and ether signals endorsement of digital coins, which are "inherently predatory" as investments and don't align with the foundation's commitment to environmental sustainability. The contributor argues that Wikipedia risks damaging its reputation by accepting crypto donations, citing the recent decision by non-profit peer, Mozilla, to pause accepting donations in crypto. Wikimedia currently accepts bitcoin, bitcoin cash, and ether via BitPay. White singled out bitcoin and ether's need for enormous amounts of energy, while noting that there are other "eco-friendlier" cryptocurrencies, although they are less widely-used.

Re:Something is definitely up here

By GameboyRMH • Score: 5, Insightful • Thread

Funding right-wing hate groups is a major issue with cryptocurrency...just like funding jihadists, ransomware groups, allowing sanctions evasion by North Korea and Iran, cryptocurrency has opened the money pipelines for all kinds of bad actors. But focusing on right-wing hate groups is a good idea since they've been the deadliest terrorists by ideology in the US for just about 20 years now.

Re:An interesting application of the "Environmenta

By GameboyRMH • Score: 4, Interesting • Thread

The environmental problem at hand is the anti-efficiency and staggering energy wasteage of proof-of-work blockchains, the fact that this is a payment system that can be used to fairly easily send money to ISIS anonymously is a problem but not an environmental one.

5 out of 15 frontpage /. posts = cryptocurrency

By bb_matt • Score: 4 • Thread

I'm sorry, but this is just getting ridiculous now.
At the time of typing this, 1/3rd of the front page stories are cryptocurrency related.

I want "news for nerds, stuff that matters", not a continuous barrage of cryptocurrency shit.

Perhaps it's time to join the many who have decided that /. is all but dead - its heyday having passed many years ago...

Re:writing is on the wall

By Moryath • Score: 4, Insightful • Thread

Crypto seeks to end inflation - BULLSHIT.

Crypto is just a currency, like Gold before it. - Again, BULLSHIT. "Crypto" is fake currency. How do you know? Because every fucking participant in the Cryptocurrency scams admits their end goal is to cash out into real money.

Cryptocurrency is just the same old penny stock scams with a couple words replaced so that the scammers could evade securities regulations and laws. Those at the top of the pyramid sell fictitious crap to suckers, and laugh as they run off with the suckers' money; those running the pump-and-dump scam run up the prices, dump what they have while encouraging the suckers to "hodl", and then laugh as it crashes.

Re:writing is on the wall

By swillden • Score: 4, Informative • Thread

Crypto is just a currency

It's actually not. Or, at least, if it is it's a really bad one. BTC transactions are ludicrously expensive and terribly slow. The workaround has been to not use BTC as a currency, but instead to use it as an asset to back credit accounts which transact in US dollars.

The reason we went off the gold standard is so the government could mint it without having to mine it.

No, the reason we went off the gold standard is that it was a bad idea... and frankly we had been gradually going off of it (via fractional reserve lending) for centuries before we finally admitted that we weren't actually using gold and pulled the plug. Also, we realized that it was actually a bad idea. A good currency needs to be able to grow and shrink the money supply as the economy demands it.

Finally, if you think the government prints money, you don't know how fiat currency works. The government doesn't create it, banks do. When you borrow money to buy a house, the bank actually invents 90% of the dollars they lend you. This was also done when we were notionally using gold (and was done long before USD even exists -- at the beginning, goldsmiths did it, not banks).

Fiat currency is a marvelous invention. It creates a currency with actual value behind it, moreso even than gold. If you think this statement doesn't make sense, you need to learn how money is created and destroyed. If you want a summary, here's a comment I wrote a while back:

Kim Kardashian, Floyd Mayweather Jr. Sued for Alleged Crypto Scam

Posted by msmashView on SlashDotShareable Link
Kim Kardashian and Floyd Mayweather Jr. were sued for allegedly scamming investors in a cryptocurrency called EthereumMax. From a report: The reality television star and ex-boxing champion were paid to hype the blockchain-based digital tokens to their fans, "causing investors to purchase these losing investments at inflated prices," according to the complaint filed in Los Angeles federal court. Former Boston Celtic Paul Pierce was also named as a defendant in the suit. Kardashian was called out in September by a U.K. financial regulator for luring her 250 million Instagram followers into the "cryptobubble with delusions of quick riches." Mayweather, one of his sport's most recognizable personalities, has previously run afoul of regulators for promoting cryptocurrency investments. He was fined by the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission in 2018 for touting initial coin offerings on social media without disclosing that he'd been paid to do so.

Oh no!

By smooth wombat • Score: 4, Funny • Thread

Stupid people losing money. Whatever shall we do?

Next up, the sale of tulips has suddenly surged. Is this the next great investment?

Re:Oh no!

By smooth wombat • Score: 4, Informative • Thread
To follow up, people who worship "celebrities" are less intelligent

Coincidence? I think not!.

Let's hold some influencers responsible

By Pollux • Score: 4, Interesting • Thread

The reality television star and ex-boxing champion were paid to hype the blockchain-based digital tokens to their fans.

I found the article headline a little misleading. At first, it sounded like these two created the scam. Rather, it sounds like the scammers just used influencers to market the scam. Nevertheless, this is happening far too frequently. Influencers get paid to market anything, and they rarely ever check to see what they're marketing is legit or not. Case-in-point: Fyre Festival was a scam with nothing going for it, but when it paid to plaster the color orange all across the Instagram accounts of Kendall Jenner, Bella Hadid, Hailey Baldwin, Emily Ratajkowski, and many others, suddenly it exploded in popularity. After the entire thing crashed and burned, and people were looking to point fingers, all the influencers just smiled their cute smiles, apologized, kept their cash, and were not held accountable for the fraudulent postings. Meanwhile, many, many people lost serious money in the stunt.

I hope the FTC throws the book at these two.

Samsung No-showed On Its Major Exynos 2200 Launch

Posted by msmashView on SlashDotShareable Link
ArsTechnica: So here's a crazy story. Samsung was supposed to have a big SoC launch on Tuesday, but that launch did not happen. Samsung didn't cancel or delay the event. The January 11 date was announced, but when the time for the event came, nothing happened! Samsung pulled a no-call no-show for a major product launch. [...] The Exynos 2200 was (?) shaping up to be a major launch for Samsung. It is, after all, the first Samsung SoC with the headline-grabbing feature of having an AMD GPU. The two companies announced this deal a year ago, and we've been giddy about it ever since. The Exynos 2200 is (or was) going to debut in the Galaxy S22. That launch event is currently scheduled for February 8, assuming Samsung doesn't ghost everyone again.

Dutch Athletes Warned To Keep Phones and Laptops Out of China

Posted by msmashView on SlashDotShareable Link
schwit1 shares a report: Dutch athletes competing in next month's Beijing Winter Olympics will need to leave their phones and laptops at home in an unprecedented move to avoid Chinese espionage, Dutch newspaper De Volkskrant reported on Tuesday. The urgent advice to athletes and supporting staff to not bring any personal devices to China was part of a set of measures proposed by the Dutch Olympic Committee (NOCNSF) to deal with any possible interference by Chinese state agents, the paper said citing sources close to the matter. NOCNSF spokesman Geert Slot said cybersecurity was part of the risk assessment made for the trip to China, but declined to comment on any specific measure. "The importance of cybersecurity of course has grown over the years", Slot said. "But China has completely closed off its internet, which makes it a specific case."

Why go then?

By AndyKron • Score: 5, Insightful • Thread
Why are people having the Olympics in a country they can't trust their phones in? That's crazy.


By spun • Score: 5, Insightful • Thread

Yawn. Call me when the US is harvesting prisoners' organs like China does. We stopped doing the whole "putting minorities in camps" thing literally decades ago. The US may be bad, but China is actually Evil with a capital E. There's no comparison. China is engaging in cyber-warfare against the west. We'd be stupid to make it easier for them.

The Chinese people are wonderful, Chinese culture is beautiful, but the CCP is a party of mobsters.

Re: Digital Camera

By kaatochacha • Score: 4, Funny • Thread
The propogandists aren't even trying anymore... You're like the eighth string guy being brought in for training.


By AmiMoJo • Score: 4, Interesting • Thread

I don't buy the moral relativism that is "we have a huge prison population that feeds the prison industrial complex's need for profit, but China harvesting organs is worse!"

To me both are worthy of condemnation.


By spun • Score: 5, Insightful • Thread

I do condemn both. But you know what I don't do? Whataboutism. When someone criticizes something, I don't immediately respond with "Oh yeah, well what about THAT thing over there? Don't you care about that? Hypocrite!" Because that's a fucky thing to do. You know that phrase "Let people enjoy things?" Well, let people hate shitty things without trying to out-shitty them. It's not a fucking contest. More than one thing can be shitty at a time.

Coinbase Will Shut Down For Four Weeklong Breaks This Year

Posted by msmashView on SlashDotShareable Link
Coinbase has embraced many of the workplace changes prompted by the coronavirus pandemic. The company became remote-first, and it's even closing its San Francisco headquarters to hammer in its focus on working from anywhere. From a report: Now, nearly all of Coinbase will shut down for four separate weeks throughout the year so employees can "enjoy downtime without work piling up," chief people officer L.J. Brock said. "Four weeks of coordinated recharge time might sound like a lot of time off for a company in hypergrowth, but given the intensity of our work throughout the year, we think this is the best way to ensure our pace is sustainable for the long term," Brock wrote in a blog post Monday. Coinbase has also tested so-called recharge weeks before. Most of the company took one at the end of 2020, and it added two recharge weeks last year after finding that employees weren't taking enough time off. Brock said over half of surveyed employees said the weeks off helped them reset.

Costa Rica Hydro Plant Revivified For Crypto Mining

Posted by BeauHDView on SlashDotShareable Link
An anonymous reader quotes a report from Reuters: A defunct hydro plant in Costa Rica is getting a new lease on life by powering crypto mining, and bringing clean energy to a rapidly expanding business. More than 650 machines from 150 customers operate non-stop from this plant next to the Poas River, just outside of capital city San Jose. Costa Rica generates nearly all its energy from green sources, where the state has a monopoly on energy distribution. But the government stopped buying electricity due to surplus power in the country, forcing the plant to reinvent itself.

Eduardo Kooper is the owner of Data Center CR and the plant. "We had a lot of power, but we did nothing with it. We had to pause activity for nine months. We looked for many alternatives -- from making fried food, frozen food -- everything that used a lot of energy. Just a year ago, someone told me about Bitcoin, blockchain, and digital mining." Kooper, skeptical at first, learned that the crypto mining business requires a lot of energy, much of which comes from fossil fuels. The company invested $500,000 to venture into hosting digital mining computers.
"Our market is the international miner who is looking for better conditions," said Kooper. "That miner is looking for clean energy, cheap energy that is economically viable, and looking for internet connection, where he finds it is where that miner is going to go."

They couldn't find anything better?

By GlennC • Score: 3 • Thread

They couldn't sell the electricity to neighboring countries?

They couldn't work with Amazon, IBM, Oracle, or Microsoft to host a portion of their cloud infrastructure?

Perhaps they're simply applying the lesson from the 19th Century American Gold Rush where the people most likely to make money were the ones selling equipment to the gold miners.

Learned something new

By necro81 • Score: 5, Informative • Thread
I looked at the headline and thought, " 'revivify'? That can't be a proper word! Surely they meant 'revive' and got tripped up."

But then I do some poking around, and it appears that it is a proper word. "Revivify" is basically the same as "Revive", although "revive" is usually applied to human and other living things, while "revivify" is applied to non-living physical objects (like a power plant), organizations, or abstract concepts.

Re:Guy uses power for crypto

By AleRunner • Score: 5, Insightful • Thread

Power is, in a sense fungible. If this lot take this power for crypto mining here, then it's not available for use elsewhere. One example of an alternative use could be converting iron oxide into iron that could then be shipped off to other countries and burnt for industrial heat or electricity instead of the coal which is currently being burnt in India and China. Another alternative would be creating hydrogen or LPG.

If the crypto miners weren't there then the chance of that investment happening would noticeably higher because the electricity would be available cheaper. I'm not sure about this particular project and the details, but the claim that "proof of work" cryptocurrencies can ever be environmentally acceptable is garbage.

Re:In before the usual "crypto is all a waste" cro

By fleeped • Score: 4, Insightful • Thread
So how do you make money? What products do you make or what services do you provide? Ah yes, nothing, just wasting computer cycles where they could have been used in something more productive. Even with proof of stake, it's a complete waste of electricity and computer power. Somebody else said it as well, and I'll repeat. We could have been using that energy for protein folding, seti at home, etc. Use power cycles to do something USEFUL. But no, dangle a dollar and sound high-tech and apparently that's how you get people these days.

Every Pore on Your Face Is a Walled Garden

Posted by BeauHDView on SlashDotShareable Link
Veronique Greenwood writes via The New York Times: Your skin is home to a thousand kinds of bacteria, and the ways they contribute to healthy skin are still largely mysterious. This mystery may be getting even more complex: In a paper published Thursday in the journal Cell Host & Microbe, researchers studying the many varieties of Cutibacterium acnes bacteria on 16 human volunteers found that each pore was a world unto itself. Every pore contained just a single type of C. acnes. C. acnes is naturally occurring, and the most abundant bacteria on skin. Its link to acne, the skin disease, is not clear, said Tami Lieberman, a professor at M.I.T. and an author of the new paper. If biologists want to unpack the relationship between your face's inhabitants and its health, it will be an important step to understand whether varying strains of C. acnes have their own talents or niches, and how the strains are distributed across your skin.

Each person's skin had a unique combination of strains, but what surprised the researchers most was that each pore housed a single variety of C. acnes. The pores were different from their neighbors, too -- there was no clear pattern uniting the pores of the left cheek or forehead across the volunteers, for instance. What's more, judging from the sequencing data, the bacteria within each pore were essentially identical. "There's a huge amount of diversity over one square centimeter of your face," said Arolyn Conwill, a postdoctoral researcher who is the study's lead author. "But within a single one of your pores, there's a total lack of diversity."

What the scientists think is happening is that each pore contains descendants of a single individual. Pores are deep, narrow crannies with oil-secreting glands at the bottom, Dr. Lieberman said. If a C. acnes cell manages to get down there, it may proliferate until it fills the pore with copies of itself. This would also explain why strains that don't grow very quickly manage to avoid being outcompeted by speedier strains on the same person. They're not competing with each other; they're living side by side in their own walled gardens. Intriguingly, these gardens are not very old, the scientists think. They estimate that the founding cells in the pores they studied took up residence only about one year before. What happened to the bacteria that previously lived there? The researchers don't know -- perhaps they were destroyed by the immune system, fell prey to viruses or were unceremoniously yanked out by a nose strip, clearing the way for new founders.

Put BeauHD in a walled garden.

By nospam007 • Score: 3 • Thread

Very high walls.
On second thought, scratch the garden part.

Geek Vernacular

By geekmux • Score: 3 • Thread

Using Walled Garden, to describe the latest advancements in skin research on a nerd forum? Really? Quite a pore justification for that.

What's next, we start using wrestling terms to describe politics? I mean, we might as well. Can't tell the difference between a shoot and a work with all those elected jabroney's running around heeling everyone with COVID scaremongering.

Every Pore on Your Face Is a Walled Garden

By omnichad • Score: 3 • Thread

Every Pore on Your Face Is a Walled Garden

Beat that, Apple!

Hottest Ocean Temperatures In History Recorded Last Year

Posted by BeauHDView on SlashDotShareable Link
Last year saw the hottest ocean temperatures in recorded history, the sixth consecutive year that this record has been broken, according to new research. The Guardian reports: The heating up of our oceans is being primarily driven by the human-caused climate crisis, scientists say, and represents a starkly simple indicator of global heating. While the atmosphere's temperature is also trending sharply upwards, individual years are less likely to be record-breakers compared with the warming of the oceans. Last year saw a heat record for the top 2,000 meters of all oceans around the world, despite an ongoing La Nina event, a periodic climatic feature that cools waters in the Pacific. The 2021 record tops a stretch of modern record-keeping that goes back to 1955. The second hottest year for oceans was 2020, while the third hottest was 2019.

Warmer ocean waters are helping supercharge storms, hurricanes and extreme rainfall, the paper states, which is escalating the risks of severe flooding. Heated ocean water expands and eats away at the vast Greenland and Antarctic ice sheets, which are collectively shedding around 1tn tons of ice a year, with both of these processes fueling sea level rise. Oceans take up about a third of the carbon dioxide emitted by human activity, causing them to acidify. This degrades coral reefs, home to a quarter of the world's marine life and the provider of food for more than 500m people, and can prove harmful to individual species of fish. As the world warms from the burning of fossil fuels, deforestation and other activities, the oceans have taken the brunt of the extra heat. More than 90% of the heat generated over the past 50 years has been absorbed by the oceans, temporarily helping spare humanity, and other land-based species, from temperatures that would already be catastrophic.

The amount of heat soaked up by the oceans is enormous. Last year, the upper 2,000 meters of the ocean, where most of the warming occurs, absorbed 14 more zettajoules (a unit of electrical energy equal to one sextillion joules) than it did in 2020. This amount of extra energy is 145 times greater than the world's entire electricity generation which, by comparison, is about half of a zettajoule. Long-term ocean warming is strongest in the Atlantic and Southern oceans, the new research states, although the north Pacific has had a "dramatic" increase in heat since 1990 and the Mediterranean Sea posted a clear high temperature record last year.
The research has been published in the journal Advances in Atmospheric Sciences.


By Memophage • Score: 5, Interesting • Thread

That trillion tons of ice melting off the poles? That's becoming a trillion tons of ice water, which is slowly drifting towards the equator, causing extra-cold weather in the higher latitudes, and is slowly being heated by the zetajoules of energy mentioned above.

When we run out of ice at the poles, things are going to heat up even faster. This could happen in the Arctic by 2035, but Antarctica will take a while longer.

We've doubled the population of the earth over the last 40 years, we can cut it in half again even faster.

And next year, we'll have another

By Lisandro • Score: 3 • Thread

Welcome to the new normal. Life in the next 20-50 years will be... interesting.

Stop voting for climate change deniers

By allcoolnameswheretak • Score: 4, Insightful • Thread

Stop voting for the Trumps, the Bolsanaros, the Orbans, the Berlusconis, in short, the assholes who lie to your face about the climate crisis and are only interested in using the power of office to further their own interests and protect the business interests of their friends in big business.

Remember that there are "think tanks" like the Heartland Institute
that lobby and fight tooth and nail to spread FUD around the public like "smoking is not that bad for you" or "climate change can also be a good thing". Move away from parties that support and are supported by these interests.

I don't want to be partisan, but unfortunately most of this activity of deception and manipulation of the public for the worst originates in conservative circles.

Warm Ocean Water holds Less

By PineHall • Score: 4, Interesting • Thread
As the oceans warm, they their ability to hold gases lessen. Warm water can hold less CO2 than cold water. That is another positive feedback that worsens the warming climate.

OCEAN Temperature latency

By ElitistWhiner • Score: 4, Insightful • Thread

Temperatures in ocean water lag ambient temperature. Acting as a heatsink the deep oceans are 40yrs. behind and possibly overshoot decades after ambient temperatures plateau, if

“Most of the excess heat from climate change will go into the ocean eventually, we think,” Romanou said. “Most of the excess chemical pollutants and greenhouse gases will be buried in the ocean. But the truth is that the ocean recirculates that extra load and, at some point, will release some of it back to the atmosphere, where it will keep raising temperatures, even if future carbon dioxide emissions were to be much lower than they are now.” per cite cites Atlantic at 50-70yr.
multidecadal Atlantic meridional overturning circulation variations on the Southern Ocean.
https://agupubs.onlinelibrary.... cites AGW autocorrelation with sea temperature ramp up and down.